Citation Guides (APA, MLA, etc.)

Citation Guides (APA, MLA, etc.)

A citation is a brief reference to a book, article, website, etc. with the complete information needed to identify and locate the work. This information generally includes the name of the author, title, publication, date, and page number(s).

There are several different styles for creating citations. Follow your professor’s instructions for selecting a style, or use the style most appropriate to your research discipline.

These are two of the most popular citation styles that will help you record citations and create bibliographies or reference lists in your research papers.

APA (American Psychological Association) – often used for the Social Sciences and Business

APA Guide (PDF)
Diana Hacker’s model APA paper (PDF)
APA Formatting and Style Guide from the OWL at Purdue

MLA (Modern Language Association) – most often used for the Humanities

MLA Guide (PDF)
MLA Style Center
MLA Formatting and Style Guide from the OWL at Purdue


Chicago Guide (PDF)

Chicago Online Resources:

Chicago Manual of Style Online
Purdue Owl: Chicago Formatting and Style Guide
Citation Builder | NCSU Libraries (Author-Date style only, 16th edition)
Chicago – Unlocking Research
University of Manitoba: Citing Music – Chicago Style