Sustainability-related courses

Sustainability-related courses

NOTE that this list serves as a sampling of sustainability-related courses offered at Bishop’s University, and that the Academic Calendar should be consulted for accurate and up-to-date course information.

Undergraduate Courses

Business Courses

BMK 350 Marketing Strategies for Environment Sustainability 3-3-0

This course aims to provide a forum for students to consider innovative approaches to advancing environmental sustainability through the marketing function of organizations. The course is designed to help students build effective strategies for gaining competitive advantage through environmentally sustainable practices which need to be built into the core areas of strategic marketing: product and process development, design of the supply chain, communications and pricing. In addition, the course will help students understand the publics which need to be involved and the macro factors which need to be considered in order for such strategies to be effective

Art History Courses

FIH 260 Art and Nature: From Landscape to Environmental and Ecological Art 3-3-0

This course analyses how the relationship between art and nature has been constructed through aesthetic and symbolic representations as diverse as that of the mystic Garden of Eden, landscape painting since the Renaissance, the sublime in nature, French and English gardens, and urban parks, such as Central Park. It also examines the direct involvement with nature in Earthworks and Land Art since the late 1960s and, as artists became conscious of environmental issues in the eighties, in Environmental Art, Ecological Art, and art interventions within ecosystems

Biology Courses

BIO 111 Organic Gardening 3-3-0

This course is an introduction to organic and environment-friendly gardening, combining lectures and a hands-on-practicum. Principles of companionship, growth, water and mineral balance will be discussed. Students will learn how to recognize and treat diseases, pests or common physiological disorders with environmentally natural techniques. At the end of this course, students should be able to set-up and run a garden using environment-friendly techniques and know how to harvest, handle and store crops. Depending on the interests of the group, the course will either cover transformation strategies for year-long storage of vegetables grown in the summer (canning, freezing, fermentation, drying…), or make an introduction to entrepreneurship in organic farming (based on the instructor’s own experience). In addition, several visits will be organized to locally run organic farms to present various models of environment-friendly productions of veggies, fruits and herbs.

BIO 194 General Biology for the Social and Human Sciences 3-3-0

This  course  provides  an  introduction  to  biology  for  students  without  a  strong  science background. Topics include: Scientific method, chemistry of life, cell structure,  cell  metabolism,  photosynthesis,  origin  of  life,  evolution,  genetics,  reproduction,  diversity  of  life,  ecology,  and  ecosystems.  This  course  cannot  be  taken for credit by students in a B.Sc.program of B.A. Biology. It is not a sufficient prerequisite for more advanced Biology courses.This course cannot be taken for credit by anyone who already has credit for collegial Biology NYA, BIO 191, BIO 193, BIO 196 or BIO 197.

Note: This course is open to the general public and may be taken by non-DNS students for science credit. However, students in any of the science majors may only take this course as a free elective, and may not count this course for science credit. It is offered in the summer semester. Co-requisite: BIL 111

BIO 207  Introduction to Evolution and Ecology  3-3-0

This course will start by looking at the development of modern evolutionary theory before  exploring  natural  selection  and  speciation.  This  course  will  then  explore  some  of  the  basic  principles  of  ecology,  including  species  interactions  such  as  predation and competition, and how these interactions help structure the complex web  of  life  that  helps  form  ecological  communities  and  ecosystems.  Although  intended  for  Biology  majors,  students  from  other  programs  may  also  take  this  course with the instructor’s permission.This course cannot be taken for credit by anyone who already has credit for BIO 197.

BIO 211 Sustainable Organic Agriculture 3-3-0

The objective of this course is to introduce students to the concepts and techniques of organic gardening through an integrated and sustainable approach. Subjects covered will include, applied botany, basic soil chemistry, weed control, crop rotation, tillage, ecologically responsible use of fertilizers, and drainage and irrigation practices. The course includes lecture classes as well as practical hands-on activities in biology laboratory JOH 320, JOH greenhouse and the Biology outdoor garden, where students will be expected to apply some of the techniques discussed in class to real life situations.Pre or Co requisites: BIO205 and BIO206 or with permission of the instructor if the student can demonstrate a suitable background knowledge of the necessary material. Co-requisite BIL211. This course may not be taken for credit by students who have already completed BIL111.

BIO 327 Advanced Ecology  3-3-0

Ecology  is  about  finding  the  best  data/modelling  to  test  you’re  theories  and hypotheses. Great ideas, hiking boots and computers are all that are needed. This ecology course focuses on understanding the relationships between organisms and the strategies they use to survive, reproduce, and interact with their environment. This course will expand on the fundamental theories of ecology seen in BIO 207 with the application to real life data and analysis. Prerequisite: BIO 207 Students with credit for BIO 217 cannot receive credit for BIO 327.

BIO 331*  Freshwater Biology  3-3-0

This  course  will  expose  students  to  the  biological  importance  and  diversity  of  freshwater  systems.  Class  material  will  look  at  both  the  biotic  and  abiotic  components of aquatic systems as well as their interactions. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 205; BIO 207; Co-requisite: BIL 331.

BIO 358  Animal Behaviour  3-3-0

The  study  of  animal  behaviour  represents  the  oldest  known  form  of  biological  study.  Even  from  our  earliest  beginnings,  humans  had  an  intense  interest  in  understanding how animals behave. This interest is still evident from our almost instinctive need to share our homes with various pets. This course will build on this most basic need to watch and understand animal behaviour, but will do so from a more scientific approach. Prerequisite: BIO 205, BIO 207 Offered in odd-numbered winters

BIO 354 Insect Biodiversity  3-3-0

The main goal of this course is to teach the students how to collect, preserve and identify insects,  especially  those  found  in  eastern  North  America.  In  addition  to  using material housed in the Bishop’s insect collection, material collected in the field by each student will be prepared in a fashion that will make the specimens museum worthy. Through the collecting and identification process, students will learn  about  insect  taxonomy  but  they  will  also  learn  about  where different  taxa  can  be  found  and  what  their  general  ecological  requirements  are.  Once they  have  completed  the  course,  students  should  be  able  to  identify  most  commonly  encountered  insects  at  least  to  the  family  level  and  recognize  those  that  are  beneficial or potentially harmful.Prerequisite: BIO 205. Offered in even-numbered autumns.

BIO 392  Experiential Learning in Biodiversity & Ecology 3-3-0

Students in the Biodiversity & Ecology program may receive credit for working under the tutelage of a mentor in a field directly related to their area of study. Students  must  secure  both  an  internal  supervisor  (a  fulltime  faculty  member)  and a suitable mentor (i.e. external supervisor who will supervise the day to day activities of the student). / Students must be actively involved in the daily work and should not be acting as menial labor.Assessment of the student will be based largely on a mark assigned by the mentor directly responsible for the student and the submission of a journal outlining the daily objectives and actual work itself. Projects may be intensive in nature (i.e. 3 weeks during the summer), or may be more drawn out (i.e. 6-8 hours every week during the semester).This course is only eligible to students in good standing and if available positions are available. Students may not work for salary and may not work concurrently in an area directly related to their honors project. Note: Students may only take one experiential learning course for credit (i.e. BIO 391, or BIO 392 or ELP 300). Coordinator: Professor Savage

Chemistry Courses

CHM 242  Environmental Chemistry II: Water and Soil  3-3-0

This   course   explores   the   chemistry   of   the   hydrosphere   and   the   terrestrial environment. Topics covered in the section on the hydrosphere include distribution of species in aquatic systems, gases in water, organic matter in water, metals and semi-metals in the hydrosphere, chemistry of colloids and surfaces, microbiological processes  focusing  on  the  carbon,  nitrogen,  and  sulfur  cycles,  and  waster  water  treatment.  Topics  covered  in  the  section  on  the  terrestrial  environment  include  physical and chemical properties of soil, and the chemistry of solid wastes.This course is currently only offered in even-numbered years.Pre-requisites: CHM 111, CHM 141Co-requisite : CHL 242

CHL 242  Environmental Chemistry Laboratory  1-0-4

This  laboratory  is  a  survey  of  the  analytical  techniques  and  sample  preparation  methods related to environmental chemistry. The labs will cover the determination of  chloride  ion  in  natural  waters,  determination  of  hardness  in  natural  waters,  determination of iron and manganese in natural waters by spectrophotometry and colorimetry,  determination  of  trace metals  by  atomic  absorption  spectrometry,  spectrophotometric determination of the chemical oxygen demand of natural and wastewaters, pattern recognition of petroleum products using gas chromatography, properties of detergents, determination of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and the  collection  and  chemistry  of  acid  rain.  Wherever  possible,  students  will  be performing their analyses on real environmental samples.This course is currently only offered in even-numbered years. Co-requisite: CHM 242

CHM 111 Organic Chemistry I: Introductory  3-3-0

An  introductory  structural  survey  of  the  most  commonly  encountered  organic  functional  groups  that  are  present  in  carbon  compounds,  emphasizing  their  significance  in  biologically  important  molecules  (lipids,  carbohydrates,  amino acids, proteins, steroids, and other types of natural products). Stereochemistry and the fundamental principles behind essential organic reaction mechanisms will be stressed throughout. Some basic definitions and nomenclature will be introduced.Prerequisites: CHM 191 and CHM 192 or Collegial Chemistry NYA and NYB. Co-requisite: CHL 111

CHM 211 Organic Chemistry II: Introductory  3-3-0

This  course  is  a  continuation  of  Chemistry  105  and  will  elaborate  upon  the  chemistry  of  the  organic  functional  groups  and  their  involvement  in  organic  synthesis, emphasizing the importance of electronic factors (resonance, induction, acidity,  electrophiles,  nucleophiles,  leaving  groups,  and  carbenium  ions)  in  influencing organic reaction mechanisms. Spectroscopic analysis (NMR,IR) and the importance of molecular obritals are introduced briefly.Prerequisite: CHM 111 or Collegial Chemistry BFB. Co-requisite: CHL 211

CHM 311 Organic Chemistry III  3-3-0

A  more  advanced  discussion  of  organic  reaction  mechanisms;  stereochemistry  and  conformational  analysis;  molecular  rearrangements;  pericyclic  reactions;  oxidations; tautomerism. Pre-requisite: CHM 111 and CHM 211Co-requisite: CHL 311

CHM 411  Organic Chemistry IV  3-3-0

The  importance  of  electrophiles,  nucleophiles,  leaving  groups,  eliminations  and  dehydrations in the chemistry and reaction mechanisms of organosilicon, carbonyl, and biologically-important compounds. Pre-requisite: CHM 311

CHL 300 Advanced Methods in Organic Chemistry 1-0-4

Advanced  laboratory  techniques  as  applied  to  multistep  syntheses  and  natural  product isolation.Pre-requisite: CHL 311, CHL 211, and CHL 111

CHM 435 Advanced Topics in Organic Chemistry 3-3-0

Advances topics in organic chemistry like stereoselective chemistry, radical chemistry and organometallic chemistry will be introduced through discussions and analysis of representative chemical transformations.

CHM 436 Total Synthesis in Organic Chemistry 3-3-0

In this course we will look at important total synthesis of natural products, analyze the chemical steps and propose alternative routes.

Mathematics Courses

MAT 103 Environmental Modeling 3-3-0

The  course  will  teach  students  to  apply  mathematical  modeling  principles  and  techniques to problems arising in the environmental sciences. Students will gain some  understanding  of  basic  mathematical  models  and  techniques  employed  in  the  environmental  sciences,  and  will  practice  the  important  skill  of  interpreting the results obtained from these models. The course will consist of a topics based, interdisciplinary   approach   to   basic   mathematical   modeling.   Topics   covered   may  include  ground  water  transport,  air  pollution  such  as  modeling  of  ground-level  ozone,  hazardous  materials  disposal  modeling,  mathematical  models  for  population growth, environmental economics, oil spill mitigation and avoidance, micro-climate  weather  predication,  or  others.  The  mathematics  involved  will  be  largely elementary, at a level suitable for a high-school graduate with credit for a university-preparatory level mathematics course.

MAT 198  Calculus I (for Life Sciences)  3-3-0

Elementary  functions,  limits,  tangent  line  approximations.    The  derivative,  and  differentiation  rules.    Continuous  optimization  in  one  variable.    Applications  to  Biology,  Chemistry,  Medicine  and  Environmental  Science.    The  emphasis  is  on  conceptual understanding and computational competency. This course is intended for students who lack collegial Mathematics NYA or the equivalent. Students who have received credit for an equivalent course taken elsewhere may not register for this course. Credit will be given for only one of MAT 191, MAT 197, and MAT 198

MAT 199  Calculus II (for Life Sciences)     3-3-0

The definite integral, area, integration by substitution and parts.  Applications to  Biology,  Chemistry,  Medicine  and  Environment  Science.    Separable  and  linear  differential  equations.    The  emphasis  is  on  conceptual  understanding  and  computational competency.  Prerequisite: MAT 198 or MAT 191 or the equivalent, or a grade of at least 80% in MAT 197 This course is intended for students who lack collegial Mathematics NYB or the equivalent. Students who have received credit for an equivalent course taken elsewhere may not register for this course.Credit will be given for only one of MAT 192 and MAT 199

Physics Courses

PHY 335 / ENV 375 Environmental Physics 3-3-0

This  quantitative,  calculus-based,  course  discusses  fundamental  environmental  problems within a physical context. Topics covered include: the greenhouse effect, blackbody  radiation,  the  ozone  problem,  mathematical  techniques,  heat  transfer,  electricity, the transport of pollutants, plumes, and basic groundwater hydrology.Prerequisites: Environmental Science 101; PHY 207.Note : See Environmental Science 375. Students may not take this course for credit if they have received credit for Environmental Science 375.

Economics Courses

ECO 175  Economic Geography  3-0-0

The  production  of,  and  trade  in,  goods  and  services  vary  by  city,  region,  and  country. In recent years, these spatial variations have widened in some cases, and narrowed  in  others.  But  common  to  all  are  the  drivers-of-change.  These  include  major  geo-political  events,  the  adoption  of  innovative  cost-saving  practices,  and  the creation and evolution of entrepreneurial networks and industrial clusters. This course will explore the key elements of these dynamics, and explore the ongoing debate  about  the  appropriate  role  of  government  in  an  increasingly-globalized world.

ECO 206  Agricultural Economics  3-3-0

Application   of   microeconomics   principles   to   the   problems   of   agricultural   production  and  resource  use,  agricultural  supply  and  demand  analysis,  price  determination,  market  structure  and  income  distribution  in  competitive  and  imperfectly competitive markets. Prerequisites: ECO 102, ECO 103

ECO 237 Economics of the Environment  3-3-0

Application  of  concepts  and  methods  of  economic  analysis  to  environmental  problems. Pros and cons of selected policies for environmental protection. Economic growth and environmental decay. Private vs social costs of environmental decay.

ECO 322 Real Estate Economics  3-3-0

This course provides students with an understanding of two essential components to  real  estate  analysis.  First,  it  introduces  the  techniques  of  investment  and  statistical analysis in a real estate valuation context. Topics here include: cash flow analysis, discounting, and compounding. Second, it looks at the economics behind real estate price fluctuations. Topics here include: factors affecting the demand for real estate, and the relationship between land use, land value, and location.Prerequisite: ECO 102

ECO 337  Ecological Economics  3-3-0

This  course  explores  the  principles  underlying  a  truly  sustainable  ecological  economy  in  a  “full  world”.  Topics  such  as  sustainability,  the  nature  of  work,  quality  in  production  and  consumption,  ecological  cost,  peak  oil,  inequality,  the  scale and distribution of economic activity, and the purpose of economic activity and  economic  development  are  entertained.  Seminar  course  in  which  student  presentations  feature  prominently. Intended  for  students  who  have  completed  at  least 45 credits at the university, including at least 12 in economics.Prerequisites: ECO 102 and ECO 103.

Psychology Courses

PSY 350 Environmental Psychology   3-3-0

Influence of the physical and cultural environment on behavior, including factors such as heat, noise, crowding, traffic, buildings and urban design. Costs and benefits of city and rural lifestyles. Technology and the working environment. Population, resources and environment. Prerequisite: PSY 101 and PSY 102.

Sociology Courses

SOC 294  Sociology of Tourism  3-3-0

Travel, journeys and their associated human migrations are the key areas of focus in  this  course.  While  movement  for  purposes  of  rest  and  recreation  has  always  been  part  of  our  collective  legacy,  in  this  world  of  increasing  globalization,  the  mass tourist industry and a variety of leisure activities has helped transform many locations around the globe. The course will explore tourism, in all its forms and the impact of traveling, both positive and negative, on cultures, sustainability and the environment.

SOC 296 Globalism and Culture  3-3-0

An introduction to key concepts for the current understanding and applications of cultural and social globalization.

SOC 295  Social Inequality 3-3-0

This course addresses concepts of social and cultural sustainability. Key questions concerning the environmental impacts of social organization as well as options for change will be considered.

SOC 381  Media and the Environment  3-3-0

This   course   examines   processes   of   technologically   mediated   interaction   at  the  macro-sociological  level.  Trends  and  structures  of  mass  culture  and  communications are examined in relation to how we relate to nature.Prerequisite: Students should have 9 credits in Sociology or permission of the instructor.

SOC 395  Advanced Theories of Social Sustainability  3-3-0

Advanced seminar on the dynamics of global and local relationships regarding the nature of sustainable societies.

Environment and Geography Courses

ESG 100  Introduction to Environmental Studies  3-3-0

An  introductory  approach  toward  understanding  the  global  environment  and  the  human impact on this environment.  Topics covered include processes operating in natural systems, the identification of problems caused by human interaction with these systems, solutions to these problems and the implementation of possible solutions.

ESG 175  Economic Geography  3-0-0

The  production  of,  and  trade  in,  goods  and  services  vary  by  city,  region,  and  country. In recent years, these spatial variations have widened in some cases, and narrowed  in  others.  But  common  to  all  are  the  drivers-of-change.  These  include  major  geo-political  events,  the  adoption  of  innovative  cost-saving  practices,  and  the creation and evolution of entrepreneurial networks and industrial clusters. This course will explore the key elements of these dynamics, and explore the ongoing debate  about  the  appropriate  role  of  government  in  an  increasingly-globalized world.

ESG 126 Introduction to Human Geography  3-3-0

An introduction to the field of human geography; its scope and methods. The aim is  to  focus  on  the  relationship  between  people  and  their  environment,  including  population trends, resource use, political and economic forces and urban planning.

ESG 127 Introduction to Physical Geography  3-3-0

An introduction to the principles and methods of climatology and geomorphology. Topics  discussed  include  Earth’s  radiation  balance,  atmospheric  wind  systems,  major climate types, and the work of geomorphic agents, such as water and wind, on the development of physical landscapes.

ESG 211  Historical Geography of the Eastern Townships  3-3-0

A retrospective approach to the Eastern Townships blending history and landscape. Various themes will be presented to examine the principle elements of landscape change during the 19th and 20th centuries in relation to the spread of the agricultural frontier, the changing cultural geography of the region, and the introduction of the area as a recreational retreat.

ESG 224 Human Impact on the Environment  3-3-0

Changing environmental relationships in the modern context of population growth and  technological  advance.  The  human  impact  on  the  world’s  atmosphere  and  climate, water, land and soils, vegetation, and animal life. Prerequisite: ESG 100 or ESG 126

ESG 226  Physical Oceanography  3-3-0

An  introduction  to  physical  and  geological  oceanography.  Topics  to  be  covered  include: the history of oceanography, plate tectonics and the origin of the oceans basins,   marine   sediments,   seawater   properties,   ocean   climates,   geostrophic   currents, deep ocean circulation, waves and tides.Prerequisite: ESG 127

ESG 227  Biogeochemical and Environmental Oceanography  3-3-0

An introduction to marine life and the interaction between the oceans and society at large. Topics will include: biological productivity (phytoplankton, zooplankton), biogeochemical,  cycles  in  the  oceans,  life  in  various  marine  habitats,  marine  resources,  fisheries,  mariculture,  pollution,  coastal  development  and  other environmental issues affecting the oceans. Prerequisite: ESG 226 or ESG 127

ESG 248 Geography of Food 3-3-0

This course examines the growing harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing,   consumption,   and   disposal   of   food   and   food-related   items.   By   employing spatial concepts and analysis the impacts of food systems on the natural environment, this course examines conventional/industrial food systems, as well as alternatives such as organic food, local food, community-supported agriculture, farmers’ markets, slow food movements and others.Prerequisites: ESG 100 and ESG 126

ESG 249 Resource Management  3-3-0

This course examines the interactions between natural and social processes in the development,  use  and  conservation  of  natural  resources.  Theories  and  concepts  explored are: integrated resource management, ecosystem management, adaptive management  and  the  role  of  public  participation.  Case  studies  explore  trends  in  forestry, fisheries, agriculture, mining, wildlife and water management.Prerequisites: ESG 100

ESG 251 Soils and Vegetation  3-3-0

The systematic examination of the development and distribution of the major soil and vegetation types of the world and of the ways in which these elements of the physical environment have become resources subject to varying utilization patterns.Prerequisite: ESG 127

ESG 260 Research Methods  3-3-0

An introduction to research methodology and its application to environment and geography. Course modules include research design, hypothesis testing, sampling techniques,  interview  techniques,  archival  techniques  and  other  approaches  to  primary and secondary data gathering. Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127

ESG 261 Quantitative Methods  3-3-0

Quantitative  methods  in  environmental  studies  and  geography;  the  nature  of  explanation;  problems  of  observation  and  data  collection;  descriptive  statistical  analysis; inferential statistical analysis.Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127

ESG 262 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems  3-3-0

An   introduction   to   geographic   information   systems   including   cartographic   concepts,  basic  remote  sensing  (aerial  photography  and  digital  imagery),  vector  and raster digital spatial data models, data input and editing, database management, structured query language, and elementary spatial analysis.Prerequisites: ESG 126 and ESG 127

ESG 264 Outdoor Recreation  3-3-0

This course examines: (i) theories and concepts concerning the recreational use of natural settings (the human dimensions), (ii) the nature, capabilities and limitations of natural settings (the natural dimensions) and, (iii) the institutional arrangements which exist to manage outdoor recreation settings (the management dimensions), including national parks and protected areas. Prerequisite: ESG 100 or ESG 126

ESG 266  Environmental Policy  3-3-0

An introduction to the field of environmental policy, with an emphasis on the regulation of technological hazards.  Consideration will also be given to different approaches to environmental policy, including “command-and-control” regulation and  enforcement  as  well  as  the  emergence  of  market  incentives  and  voluntary  initiatives.    Topics  will  include:  air  quality,  water  quality,  solid  and  hazardous  waste, toxic substances, pollution-prevention and environmental assessment. Prerequisite: ESG 224

ESG 267 Global Environmental Change: a physical perspective  3-3-0

An  examination  of  the  general  trends  and  concepts  associated  with  global  environmental  change  using  a  physical  geographic  approach.    This  includes  analysis   of   the   complex   interlinkages   of   the   atmosphere-ocean-terrestrial-biosphere  systems,  of  environmental  changes  during  the  Quaternary  Period,  and  of the environmental issues associated with these changes.  The human response to global environmental change will be covered in less detail.Prerequisite: ESG 100 and ESG 127

ESG 268  The Human Landscape and Environmental Change  3-3-0

This course uses various aspects of environmental change to identify links between the sciences and the humanities. A convergence of these two conceptual approaches can  provide  a  more  holistic  understanding  of  the  long-term  processes  impacting  both  human  and  physical  environments.  How  different  cultures  conceptualise  their relationships with the physical environment is central to how environmental management decisions are made. Prerequisite: Any one of ESG 100, ESG 126, ESG 162 or ESG 16

ESG 300  Environmental Studies Seminar  3-3-0

Selected  topics  in  Environmental  Studies  will  be  examined. The  course  allows  detailed  study  of  particular  areas  of  environmental  research  through  student-led  seminars and general class discussion.Prerequisites: ESG 224 and ESG 267; open only to U3 ESG Honours and Majors in Environmental Studies.

ESG 339  The Canadian Arctic  3-3-0

The  ecology  of  traditional  Eskimo  occupance;  socio-economic  change  through  contact  with  explorers,  whalemen,  traders,  missionaries,  and  administrators.  Demographic centralization; industrial development; nunamiut and kabloonamiut; frontier   or   homeland?   The   outlook   for   renewable   resources.   Problems   of   sovereignty over arctic space.Prerequisite: Any one of ESG 100, ESG 126, ESG 162 or ESG 163.

ESG 340  The Circumpolar North  3-0-0

An introduction to the physical and cultural geography of the Circumpolar North. This  course  will  focus  upon  the  cultural  and  political  ecology  of  the  human  population in this region. The emphasis will be upon the contexts of human life and human experience in the North. This course also includes discussions of the northern  landscape:  nunamiut  and  kabloonamiut;  demographic  centralization;  challenges to sovereignty over arctic space. The emphasis will be on lectures and class participation. There will be time set aside to discuss lecture topics and to add concerns of interest to the students; class participation is highly encouraged. Prerequisite: Any one of ESG 100, ESG 126, ESG 162 or ESG 163

ESG 349  Watershed Management  3-3-0

This  course  examines  integrated  watershed  management,  including  assessment  of biophysical freshwater systems, implications of natural resource development and land use on water quality and quantity, as well as institutional arrangements and the role of stakeholder involvement in watershed-scale decision-making. Field studies in the St. Francis River Watershed. Prerequisite: ESG 249

ESG 350  Environmental Justice  3-3-0

An introduction to the field of environmental justice, with an emphasis on fairness and  equity  in  environmental  management.  The  course  will  examine  the  history  of  activism  and  the  development  of  theoretical  work  and  empirical  evidence  regarding the connections between race, class and the environment.Prerequisite: ESG 224

ESG 353  Landscape  3-3-0

This  course  explores  landscapes  as  products  of  interacting  physical  and  human  processes,  and  examines  how  those  processes  can  change  landscapes  over  time.  The  course  uses  an  integrated  approach  to  examine  and  interpret  contemporary  landscapes  and  reconstruct  landscapes  of  the  past,  and  highlights  the  utility  of  landscape science for environmental management applications. The course will be conducted through lectures and student-led seminars. Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127

ESG 354  Environmental Impact Assessment  3-3-0

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is intended to provide a basis for deciding whether  and  how  to  proceed  with  a  proposed  resource  development  project  so  as  to  prevent  or  minimize  environmental  degradation.  This  course  will  examine  the  theory,  methods,  regulatory  frameworks  and  social  implications  of  EIA  with  emphasis on recent Canadian case studies. Prerequisite: ESG 249

ESG 358  International Environmental Issues  3-3-0

Environmental   factors   and   their   impact   on   global   agricultural   production, population growth and distribution. Fresh water and its effect on socio-economic development   and   political   stability.   Issues   in   trans-boundary   pollution   are discussed. Case studies from developed and developing countries. Prerequisite: ESG 224

ESG 362  Advanced Geographic Information Systems  3-3-0

Project-based applications stress the utility of advanced GIS analysis in Environment and geography. Prerequisite: ESG 262

ESG 366  Ethical Perspectives on Environmental Problems  3-3-0

An introduction to the major philosophical traditions in the field of environmental ethics: natural law, utilitarianism, virtue theory and deontology.  The use of case studies  in  environmental  problems,  e.g.  ocean  dumping,  nuclear  wastes,  air  pollution,  greenhouse  gases,  etc.,  as  a  way  of  exploring  several  contemporary  positions such as biocentrism, ecocentrism, the land ethic and deep ecology. Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127

ESG 367  Climate Change  3-3-0

The course examines the debate surrounding global climate change with climatic and  paleo-climatic  perspectives.  The  climate  system’s  natural  variability,  and  predicted impacts and environmental implications are examined. The course will include a short review of the present climate system, and a section on the Holocene climate. We will also examine how predictive climate models are developed and tested against recent and Holocene paleo-climatic data. Prerequisite: ESG 267

ESG 370  Special Topics in Environment and Geography  3-3-0

A lecture/seminar course offered by regular and visiting faculty on environmental/geographical topics related to their research interests. Topics are determined by the instructor therefore content of the course varies year by year. The course will be offered on an occasional basis.Prerequisite:  Open  only  to  U3  Honours  and  Majors  in  Environment  and Geography.

Graduate courses

Micro-Program in Climate Change

ESG 526 Environmental Impacts of Climate Change and Human Activities on the Oceans  3-3-0

People  living  in  cities  remote  from  the  sea  often  forget  about  the  role  of  the  oceans  in  their  economy  and  in  the  climate  system.  The  course  will  examine  society’s relationship with the oceans, especially in coastal zones. Oceans are the site  of  many  important  human  activities,  and  thus  are  sensitive  to  pollution  and  modifications brought by climate change. The goal of the course is to increase students’  awareness  of  the  major  environmental  issues  presently  affecting  the  oceans and the challenges facing decision makers when dealing with the impacts of  climate  change  on  the  oceans  (e.g.,  sea  level  rise,  saltwater  intrusions  into  aquifers, fisheries, etc.).

ESG 561  Arctic and Antarctic Environmental Change  3-3-0

The  polar  environments,  especially  the  Arctic,  are  undoing  change  at  a  rate  far  faster than most other regions. Change at the poles has happened in the past and will continue to have important consequences for all Earth’s systems. This course will examine the development of these extreme environments and examine what can be expected for the future.

ESG 570  Special Topics in Climate and Environmental Change     3-3-0

A  graduate-level  lecture/seminar  course  offered  by  regular  and  visiting  faculty  on topics related to their research interests in climate and environmental change. Topics are determined by the instructor therefore content of the course varies year by year. The course will be offered on an occasional basis.

ESG 573  Energy and the Environment  3-3-0

This  course  introduces  the  concepts  of  energy  and  power  and  their  units  and  reviews  energy  sources,  fossil  fuels,  their  environmental  impacts,  and  resource  consumption. The basics of heat transfer, energy conversion, and its efficiency according to thermodynamics are covered (including the concepts of temperature, specific  and  latent  heat,  the  first  and  second  law  of  thermodynamics,  heat engines,  and  thermal  systems).  Other  topics  discussed  include  electromagnetic  and  blackbody  radiation,  the  greenhouse  effect,  the  Earth’s  energy  balance,  the  basics of electromagnetism, and electric power, Radioactivity, nuclear energy, and renewable energy sources are introduced.

ESG 575  Tropical Environments and Climate Change  3-3-0

This   course   attempts   to   provide   an   overview   of   the   tropics   as   a   unique   environment  and  one  that  poses  special  problems  to  its  human  occupants.  The  working assumption in the course is that the tropics comprise a far too complex and heterogeneous environment for simple generalizations to apply. However, by gaining some understanding of how its component systems work, one can be in a better position to identify the appropriate questions to be asked and experiments to be performed, so that site-specific solutions can be developed for management problems in different parts of the tropical world. The course will provide a review of tropical climatology, soils, and biomes, in addition to discussing more applied issues such as forestry and agriculture.

ESG 577 The Health Impacts of Climate Change 3-3-0

Climate change is expected to affect human health in numerous ways. The most obvious  health  impacts  are  those  associated  with  thermal  stress  and  extreme  weather  events  such  as  floods  and  hurricanes  (premature  deaths,  infectious diseases;  diarrhoeal  disease).  Global  warming  will  also  be  associated  with  a  spread of vector-borne diseases (such as malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, Lyme disease,  etc.)  and  increases  in  seasonal  allergies.  The  course  will  examine  the  overall impact of environmental degradation, displacement and loss of livelihood on the general physical and mental health of populations.

Collected and evaluated in August 2018 by Jonathan Shea (SDSI 2017-2018).