Bishop’s University is a predominantly residential, mostly undergraduate university. Our primary concern is offering students a quality education in the fine arts, humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, business and education. The residential aspect of our small size (2,900 full-time students) encourages students to immerse themselves in the complete Bishop’s experience.
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One of the most enviable characteristics of the BU campus is its physical setting: nestled amongst the rivers, forests, farms and the rolling hills of Quebec’s beautiful Eastern Townships, the University’s location features breathtaking vistas and possesses an atmosphere of rare beauty and charm.
Our goal is to offer Canada’s foremost undergraduate education. We aspire to be the institution of choice for outstanding young people seeking academic excellence in a community that instills curiosity, confidence, courage and a sense of responsibility in its students.
1 (819) 822-9600
Bishop’s is more than just a university – it’s a lifestyle. BU is renowned for its small, intimate classes, amazing school spirit and genuine sense of community. It’s a place where you can pursue your passions and take advantage of a multitude of opportunities to make a difference and let your voice be heard.
Take a private and personalized guided tour in-person or online from the comfort of your home with one of our fantastic student ambassadors. We are offering 45-minute tours in-person on our beautiful campus or via the Zoom platform where you will be guided through a virtual video of our campus, its classrooms and buildings.
To apply to Bishop’s University, simply fill out the appropriate application form on our website. Applications for Fall entry generally open in early September and applications for Winter entry generally open in the spring or early summer.
1 (819) 822-9600 ext. 2655
We understand that choosing a university is not always just about the experience – money matters too. It’s why we do everything we can to help you sort out your finances, ensuring payments are easy to manage and offering assistance where we can.
A liberal education is best defined as an educational philosophy, one that exposes students to a variety of disciplines and learning strategies and includes in-depth studies in at least one academic area. This style of education encourages students to ask questions, to consider all angles, to become excited by the pursuit of knowledge, to be confident in their abilities, and to become inspired through their academic experience.
In the School of Education, we combine hands-on, real world experience with challenging and stimulating coursework in subjects such as linguistic diversity, multicultural education, and individual differences, giving you the tools you need to teach locally – and around the world.
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1 (819) 822-9600 ext. 2472
In the Faculty of Arts and Science, we want you to move outside your comfort zone, open your mind to new possibilities, and explore your passions and interests! The Faculty of Arts and Science is composed of three divisions, Together, these three divisions encompass more than 30 different departments.
The Academic Calendar published by Bishop's University provides guidance to prospective students, applicants, current students, faculty and staff for the academic year. The information is updated annually in the summer.
Important dates for the upcoming academic semesters.
Bishop’s University offers a selection of graduate programs designed to give students the opportunity to further their academic and professional development while benefiting from the intimate setting of a small, liberal arts institution. Through theoretical learning and research-based practice, Bishop’s offers graduate students the opportunity to strengthen their leadership and critical reflection skills to prepare them for a successful career.
Our Research Office supports a wide range of scientific, scholarly, and creative research activities conducted by the faculty and students of the university. Over 50 per cent of our research personnel are undergraduate students, who have the opportunity to gain research experience, in labs, in archives, or in the field. Our professors are also researchers and artistic scholars who make significant contributions to their field of expertise.
Research and research creation are fundamental components of Bishop's University's mandate as a post-secondary institution in the Quebec and the Canadian landscape and beyond. Bishop's University has adopted a Strategic Research Plan in order to develop and promote its research profile.
Canada Research Chairs are held by tenure-stream faculty member at Bishop’s University. All Canada Research Chair positions are filled according to the Requirements for recruiting and nominating Canada Research Chairs. The university uses a full, open, and transparent process for recruiting applicants for Canada Research Chair positions.
The Research Office is responsible for ensuring that research with human participants, animals or biohazards at Bishop’s University meets the highest safety and ethical standards. It also provides support in matters related to intellectual property and the responsible conduct of research.
Bishop's University researchers may apply for internal or external research funding, as well as for specific grants destined to cover travel and publication costs.
Students at Bishop’s University are given many opportunities to participate in research activities. This section outlines the various opportunities that are offered to Bishop’s University students who wish to get involved in academic research.
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With sports facilities, services and activities to match a multitude of tastes and needs, we offer tons of options to get you moving and having fun.
1 (819) 822-9600 ext. 2669
1 (819) 822-9711 - Dial 711 on campus
Student Services at Bishop’s University provides opportunities for individual growth in a learning community where the student is the centre of our educational mission.
In 1947 a competition was sponsored by the Committee on Athletics and The Campus newspaper to find a nickname for the University's Football team which would fire up the enthusiasm of the fans. Gaiters were an article of ecclesiastical clothing which covered part of the wearer's shoes and lower legs. These were worn by Bishops as part of the clerical dress when not robed.
1 (819) 822-9600 ext. 2507
Whether you’re a dedicated athlete, a part-time, recreational player, a loyal Gaiters fan, or just looking to get active, you’re sure to find something at BU that will rev you up! With sports facilities, services and activities to match a multitude of tastes and needs, we offer tons of options to get you moving and having fun.
1 (819) 822-9600 ext. 2537
Are you looking to improve your physical fitness? Want to participate in physical therapy sessions to help prevent injuries, or to care for injuries you have received? We can help you! Through our sports and recreation centre, we offer BU athletes and community members a variety of athletic services, including personal training sessions and a sports medicine clinic.
1 (819) 780-0067
Bishop’s University offers a variety of engaging and exciting bilingual summer camps to boys and girls ages 5-17. With over 30 years of experience, our popular Summer Camp programs are designed to enrich the lives of children and youth through high quality camp programming.
Opened in 2015, The John H. Price Sports and Recreation Centre offers a wide array of programs and activities for the campus community and families in the Sherbrooke area.
Established in 1897, the Old Lennoxville Golf Club is one of the oldest in Canada. It is a focal point of the community. It boasts several prosperous leagues on the challenging par-35 layout.
Opened in 2018, the 7 KM of FIS certified groomed trails in the winter has brought a new clientele to the area. A partner of Club de Ski du Parc Mont Orford, skiing is a popular winter activity enjoyed by a number of ages. The trails regularly host elite-level events drawing competitors from across North America.
Bishop’s University is a predominantly residential, mostly undergraduate university. Our primary concern is offering students a quality education in the fine...
One of the most enviable characteristics of the BU campus is its physical setting: nestled amongst the rivers, forests, farms and the rolling hills of Quebec...
Our goal is to offer Canada’s foremost undergraduate education. We aspire to be the institution of choice for outstanding young people seeking academic excel...
Bishop’s is more than just a university – it’s a lifestyle. BU is renowned for its small, intimate classes, amazing school spirit and genuine sense of commun...
Take a private and personalized guided tour in-person or online from the comfort of your home with one of our fantastic student ambassadors. We are offering ...
To apply to Bishop’s University, simply fill out the appropriate application form on our website. Applications for Fall entry generally open in early Septemb...
We understand that choosing a university is not always just about the experience – money matters too. It’s why we do everything we can to help you sort out y...
A liberal education is best defined as an educational philosophy, one that exposes students to a variety of disciplines and learning strategies and includes ...
In the School of Education, we combine hands-on, real world experience with challenging and stimulating coursework in subjects such as linguistic diversity, ...
In the Faculty of Arts and Science, we want you to move outside your comfort zone, open your mind to new possibilities, and explore your passions and interes...
The Academic Calendar published by Bishop's University provides guidance to prospective students, applicants, current students, faculty and staff for the aca...
Bishop’s University offers a selection of graduate programs designed to give students the opportunity to further their academic and professional development ...
Our Research Office supports a wide range of scientific, scholarly, and creative research activities conducted by the faculty and students of the university....
Research and research creation are fundamental components of Bishop's University's mandate as a post-secondary institution in the Quebec and the Canadian lan...
Canada Research Chairs are held by tenure-stream faculty member at Bishop’s University. All Canada Research Chair positions are filled according to the Requi...
The Research Office is responsible for ensuring that research with human participants, animals or biohazards at Bishop’s University meets the highest safety ...
Bishop's University researchers may apply for internal or external research funding, as well as for specific grants destined to cover travel and publication ...
Students at Bishop’s University are given many opportunities to participate in research activities. This section outlines the various opportunities that are ...
Student Services at Bishop’s University provides opportunities for individual growth in a learning community where the student is the centre of our education...
In 1947 a competition was sponsored by the Committee on Athletics and The Campus newspaper to find a nickname for the University's Football team which would ...
Whether you’re a dedicated athlete, a part-time, recreational player, a loyal Gaiters fan, or just looking to get active, you’re sure to find something at BU...
Are you looking to improve your physical fitness? Want to participate in physical therapy sessions to help prevent injuries, or to care for injuries you have...
Bishop’s University offers a variety of engaging and exciting bilingual summer camps to boys and girls ages 5-17. With over 30 years of experience, our popul...
Opened in 2015, The John H. Price Sports and Recreation Centre offers a wide array of programs and activities for the campus community and families in the Sh...
Established in 1897, the Old Lennoxville Golf Club is one of the oldest in Canada. It is a focal point of the community. It boasts several prosperous leagues...
Opened in 2018, the 7 KM of FIS certified groomed trails in the winter has brought a new clientele to the area. A partner of Club de Ski du Parc Mont Orford,...
NOTE that this list serves as a sampling of sustainability-related courses offered at Bishop’s University, and that the Academic Calendar should be consulted for accurate and up-to-date course information.
ESG 100 Introduction to Environmental Studies
An introductory approach toward understanding the global environment and the human impact on this environment.
ESG 175 Economic Geography
This course will explore the key elements of major geo-political events, the adoption of innovative cost-saving practices, and the creation and evolution of entrepreneurial networks and industrial clusters, and explore the ongoing debate about the appropriate role of government in an increasingly-globalized world.
ESG 126 Introduction to Human Geography
An introduction to the field of human geography; its scope and methods.
ESG 127 Introduction to Physical Geography
An introduction to the principles and methods of climatology and geomorphology.
ESG 211 Historical Geography of the Eastern Townships
A retrospective approach to the Eastern Townships blending history and landscape.
ESG 224 Human Impact on the Environment
Changing environmental relationships in the modern context of population growth and technological advance. Prerequisite: ESG 100 or ESG 126
ESG 226 Physical Oceanography
An introduction to physical and geological oceanography. Prerequisite: ESG 127
ESG 227 Biogeochemical and Environmental Oceanography
An introduction to marine life and the interaction between the oceans and society at large Prerequisite: ESG 226 or ESG 127
ESG 248 Geography of Food
This course examines the growing harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing, consumption, and disposal of food and food-related items. Prerequisites: ESG 100 and ESG 126
ESG 249 Resource Management
This course examines the interactions between natural and social processes in the development, use and conservation of natural resources. Prerequisites: ESG 100
ESG 251 Soils and Vegetation
The systematic examination of the development and distribution of the major soil and vegetation types of the world and of the ways in which these elements of the physical environment have become resources subject to varying utilization patterns. Prerequisite: ESG 127
ESG 260 Research Methods
An introduction to research methodology and its application to environment and geography. Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127
ESG 262 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
An introduction to geographic information systems including cartographic concepts, basic remote sensing (aerial photography and digital imagery), vector and raster digital spatial data models, data input and editing, database management, structured query language, and elementary spatial analysis. Prerequisites: ESG 126 and ESG 127
ESG 264 Outdoor Recreation
This course examines: (I) theories and concepts concerning the recreational use of natural settings (the human dimensions), (ii) the nature, capabilities and limitations of natural settings (the natural dimensions) and, (iii) the institutional arrangements which exist to manage outdoor recreation settings (the management dimensions), including national parks and protected areas. Prerequisite: ESG 100 or ESG 126
ESG 266 Environmental Policy
An introduction to the field of environmental policy, with an emphasis on the regulation of technological hazards. Prerequisite: ESG 224
ESG 267 Global Environmental Change: a physical perspective
An examination of the general trends and concepts associated with global environmental change using a physical geographic approach. Prerequisite: ESG 100 and ESG 127
ESG 268 The Human Landscape and Environmental Change
This course uses various aspects of environmental change to identify links between the sciences and the humanities. Prerequisite: Any one of ESG 100, ESG 126, ESG 162 or ESG 16
ESG 300 Environmental Studies Seminar
Selected topics in Environmental Studies will be examined. The course allows detailed study of particular areas of environmental research through student-led seminars and general class discussion. Prerequisites: ESG 224 and ESG 267; open only to ESG Honours and Majors in Environmental Studies.
ESG 339 The Canadian Arctic
The ecology of traditional Eskimo occupancy; socio-economic change through contact with explorers, whalemen, traders, missionaries, and administrators. Demographic centralization; industrial development; Nunamiut and Kabloonamiut; frontier or homeland? The outlook for renewable resources. Problems of sovereignty over arctic space. Prerequisite: Any one of ESG 100, ESG 126, ESG 162 or ESG 163.
ESG 340 The Circumpolar North
An introduction to the physical and cultural geography of the Circumpolar North. This course will focus upon the cultural and political ecology of the human population in this region. Prerequisite: Any one of ESG 100, ESG 126, ESG 162 or ESG 163
ESG 349 Watershed Management
This course examines integrated watershed management, including assessment of biophysical freshwater systems, implications of natural resource development and land use on water quality and quantity, as well as institutional arrangements and the role of stakeholder involvement in watershed-scale decision-making. Prerequisite: ESG 249
ESG 350 Environmental Justice
An introduction to the field of environmental justice, with an emphasis on fairness and equity in environmental management. Prerequisite: ESG 224
ESG 353 Landscape
This course explores landscapes as products of interacting physical and human processes, and examines how those processes can change landscapes over time. Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127
ESG 354 Environmental Impact Assessment
This course will examine the theory, methods, regulatory frameworks and social implications of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) with emphasis on recent Canadian case studies. Prerequisite: ESG 249
ESG 358 International Environmental Issues
Environmental factors and their impact on global agricultural production, population growth and distribution. Prerequisite: ESG 224
ESG 362 Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Project-based applications stress the utility of advanced GIS analysis in Environment and geography. Prerequisite: ESG 262
ESG 366 Ethical Perspectives on Environmental Problems
An introduction to the major philosophical traditions in the field of environmental ethics: natural law, utilitarianism, virtue theory and deontology. Prerequisite: ESG 126 and ESG 127
ESG 367 Climate Change
The course examines the debate surrounding global climate change with climatic and paleo-climatic perspectives. Prerequisite: ESG 267
ESG 370 Special Topics in Environment and Geography
A lecture/seminar course offered by regular and visiting faculty on environmental/geographical topics related to their research interests. The course will be offered on an occasional basis. Prerequisite: Open only to Honours and Majors in Environment and Geography.
AGR 100 Introduction to Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems
This course will help students develop an informed critique of conventional agricultural systems. This course will introduce the topics and skills to be learned during the rest of the program in sustainable agriculture and food systems.
AGR 104 An Edible History of Humanity
This course traces food through human history.
AGR 130 Environmental Implications of Agriculture
This course will expose students to the effects of agricultural operations, positive and negative, and introduce various indicators of environmental impact based on farmer’s production methods, and the impact these methods have on emissions to the environment. The goal is an introductory ability to assess environmental impact at the farm level.
AGR 171 Permaculture Design I: Design Principles
This course introduces students to permaculture design principles. Derived from “permanent agriculture”, permaculture is the design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems. This course follows a standard worldwide format. Students who successfully complete AGR 171 and AGR 172 will obtain the internationally-recognized “Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC)”.
AGR 172 Permaculture Design II: Design Project
AGR 172 is a continuation and deepening of the design principles and applications covered in AGR 171. Students in AGR 172 will perform various permaculture design practices in a variety of settings, for various needs. The course involves lab and field work, and requires completion of a significant design project. Students who complete both AGR 171 and AGR 172 will obtain an internationally recognized “Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC)”, enabling them to work as a certified perm culturalist. An extra fee is required for the certificate. Pre-requisite: AGR 171
AGR 174 Sustainable Agriculture Practicum I
This YEAR 1 Field Course occurs during the Spring Session, May to mid-June at the Campus Educational Farm. It involves planning the growing season, preparing the agricultural gardens, and planting, pruning and other early season activities. Pre-requisite: AGR 130 or Permission of the Department
AGR 175 Sustainable Agriculture Internship I
This course can replace AGR 174 Sustainable Agriculture Practicum I for qualified students who have arranged a practical agricultural experience or placement equivalent to that provided in AGR 174, to occur off-campus. Pre-requisites: AGR 130 and Permission of the Department
AGR 201 Market Gardening
This course explores the principles and practices associated with a Market Garden enterprise: a small-scale, intensive production of fruits, berries, vegetables, flowers, herbs, perennials, shrubs, seeds, bulbs and tubers, mushrooms and fungi, and more, as cash crops. This course includes case studies, field trips to Bishop’s Campus Educational Farm, the Bishop’s Greenhouse, and local Market Garden enterprises.
AGR 202 Culture and Food
This course presents a social perspective on food and culture. It explores the distinctiveness of foods and food preparation within different cultures and their roles in the building of social identity. In a complementary way, the course also explores the universality of human experiences with food.
AGR 203 Healthy Nutrition
This course surveys the basic principles of human nutrition, and is intended for students with limited science background. The primary aim of the course is to clarify the profound relationship between nutrition and human health, both current health and future health.
AGR 204 Community Gardens
This course examines various urban gardens (e.g. community gardens, war-time victory gardens, school, senior’s residence, hospital, rooftop and other urban gardens) and addresses opportunities and impediments to starting and maintaining such a garden, as well as the social and environmental benefits to community gardening. Field experience will take place at Bishop’s Campus Educational Farm, as well as at local community gardens. Pre-requisites: ESG 100 or AGR 100
AGR 210 Food Science
This course provides an overview of the science of food preparation and transformation, focusing on the principles of sustainability: waste reduction, nutrient retention, minimization of packaging. Pre-requisites: BIO 194 or BIO 196 and CHM 191 and CHM 192
AGR 220 Soil Science
This course provides an introductory survey of soils and their management: properties of soils, soil formation, description, and use. The course focuses on the role of soils in sustainable agriculture, causes and processes of degradation (including erosion, pollution, and nutrient depletion), and the maintenance of healthy soils. Pre-requisites: BIO 194 or BIO 196 and AGR 130 Co-requisite: AGL 220 – only offered once that SAFS majors are approved
AGR 230 Ecological Agriculture
This course has various concepts, such as: diversification to maximize biomass production; waste and loss minimization techniques; by-product recycling; encouragement of decomposers and nitrogen fixers ; maintenance of soil fertility by humus application, crop rotations and correct application of farmyard manure; processing of farm products on the farm with direct sales to local consumers; integrative, ecological control of pests and weeds, ethical animal husbandry; utilization of wild-life and woodland; farm energy production off-grid; and minimization of capital investments. Pre-requisite: AGR 130 Co-requisite: AGL 230 – only offered once the SAFS majors are approved.
AGR 270 Special Topics/Field Course in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems I
A special topics seminar/field course offered by regular and visiting faculty on topics related to their research interests in sustainable agriculture and food systems. Topics are determined by the instructor and may include case-studies, projects and farm and agri-business visits, with the result that content of the course varies from one offering to the next. The course will be offered on an occasional basis. Pre-requisites: AGR 100 and AGR 130
AGR 274 Sustainable Agriculture Practicum II
This intensive YEAR 2 Field Course occurs during the Summer Session, mid-June to end-July, at the Campus Educational Farm. It involves managing and maintaining the farm and gardens (under the direction of the Farm Technician), harvesting and distributing the early crops, and planning and designing future projects. Pre-requisite: AGR 174 or Permission of the Department
AGR 275 Sustainable Agriculture Internship II
This course can replace AGR 274 Sustainable Agriculture Practicum II for qualified students who have arranged a practical agricultural experience or placement equivalent to that provided in AGR 274, to occur off-campus. Pre-requisites: AGR 174 and Permission of the Department
AGR 303 Food Preparation and Preservation
This course presents an overview of food processing and food preservation, and associated food processing unit operations. As part of this course, students will have the opportunity to obtain their Hygiene and Food Safety – Food Handler Certificate from the Quebec government (at extra cost).
AGR 304 Agritourism
This course explores the development of the food and wine tourism industry, the concept and size of agritourism, food and wine business development, marketing and broad trends affecting tourism enterprises within this sector – with case studies and field visits within the Eastern Townships region of Quebec.
SOC 294 Sociology of Tourism
The course will explore tourism, in all its forms and the impact of traveling, both positive and negative, on cultures, sustainability and the environment.
SOC 296 Globalism and Culture
An introduction to key concepts for the current understanding and applications of cultural and social globalization.
SOC 295 Social Inequality
This course addresses concepts of social and cultural sustainability. Key questions concerning the environmental impacts of social organization as well as options for change will be considered.
SOC 381 Media and the Environment
This course examines processes of technologically mediated interaction at the macro-sociological level. Trends and structures of mass culture and communications are examined in relation to how we relate to nature. Prerequisite: Students should have 9 credits in Sociology or permission of the instructor.
SOC 395 Advanced Theories of Social Sustainability
Advanced seminar on the dynamics of global and local relationships regarding the nature of sustainable societies.
LIB 214 Ecological Crisis and the Struggle for Environmental Justice
Given that new generations will play a decisive role in addressing the ecological crisis, this course will explore international dimensions of the historical, philosophical and cultural background of various forms of the human relationship with nature, as well as examine some of the theories (agro-ecology, eco-feminism, deep ecology, emergence, etc.) and kinds of social movement organizing (Greenpeace, 350.org, Leap, etc.) that reply to the ecological crisis.
BMK 350 Marketing Strategies for Environment Sustainability
This course aims to provide a forum for students to consider innovative approaches to advancing environmental sustainability through the marketing function of organizations. The course is designed to help students build effective strategies for gaining competitive advantage through environmentally sustainable practices which need to be built into the core areas of strategic marketing.
ECO 175 Economic Geography
ECO 206 Agricultural Economics
Application of microeconomics principles to the problems of agricultural production and resource use, agricultural supply and demand analysis, price determination, market structure and income distribution in competitive and imperfectly competitive markets. Prerequisites: ECO 102, ECO 103
ECO 237 Economics of the Environment
Application of concepts and methods of economic analysis to environmental problems. Pros and cons of selected policies for environmental protection. Economic growth and environmental decay. Private vs social costs of environmental decay.
ECO 322 Real Estate Economics
This course provides students with an understanding of two essential components to real estate analysis. First, it introduces the techniques of investment and statistical analysis in a real estate valuation context. Second, it looks at the economics behind real estate price fluctuations. Prerequisite: ECO 102
ECO 337 Ecological Economics
This course explores the principles underlying a truly sustainable ecological economy in a “full world”. Intended for students who have completed at least 45 credits at the university, including at least 12 in economics. Prerequisites: ECO 102 and ECO 103.
BIO 111 Organic Gardening
This course is an introduction to organic and environment-friendly gardening, combining lectures and a hands-on-practicum. At the end of this course, students should be able to set-up and run a garden using environment-friendly techniques and know how to harvest, handle and store crops.
BIO 194 General Biology for the Social and Human Sciences
This course provides an introduction to biology for students without a strong science background. Topics include: Scientific method, chemistry of life, cell structure, cell metabolism, photosynthesis, origin of life, evolution, genetics, reproduction, diversity of life, ecology, and ecosystems.
Note: This course is open to the general public and may be taken by non-DNS students for science credit. However, students in any of the science majors may only take this course as a free elective, and may not count this course for science credit. It is offered in the summer semester. Co-requisite: BIL 111
BIO 207 Introduction to Evolution and Ecology
This course will start by looking at the development of modern evolutionary theory before exploring natural selection and speciation. This course will then explore some of the basic principles of ecology, including species interactions such as predation and competition, and how these interactions help structure the complex web of life that helps form ecological communities and ecosystems.
BIO 211 Sustainable Organic Agriculture
The objective of this course is to introduce students to the concepts and techniques of organic gardening through an integrated and sustainable approach. The course includes lecture classes as well as practical hands-on activities in biology laboratory JOH 320, JOH greenhouse and the Biology outdoor garden, where students will be expected to apply some of the techniques discussed in class to real life situations. Pre or Co requisites: BIO205 and BIO206 or with permission of the instructor if the student can demonstrate a suitable background knowledge of the necessary material. Co-requisite BIL211. This course may not be taken for credit by students who have already completed BIL111.
BIO 327 Advanced Ecology
This ecology course focuses on understanding the relationships between organisms and the strategies they use to survive, reproduce, and interact with their environment. This course will expand on the fundamental theories of ecology seen in BIO 207 with the application to real life data and analysis. Prerequisite: BIO 207 Students with credit for BIO 217 cannot receive credit for BIO 327.
BIO 331 Freshwater Biology
This course will expose students to the biological importance and diversity of freshwater systems. Class material will look at both the biotic and abiotic components of aquatic systems as well as their interactions. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 205; BIO 207; Co-requisite: BIL 331
BIO 358 Animal Behaviour
This course will build on this most basic need to watch and understand animal behaviour, but will do so from a more scientific approach. Prerequisite: BIO 205, BIO 207 Offered in odd-numbered winters
BIO 354 Insect Biodiversity
The main goal of this course is to teach the students how to collect, preserve and identify insects, especially those found in eastern North America. Once they have completed the course, students should be able to identify most commonly encountered insects at least to the family level and recognize those that are beneficial or potentially harmful. Prerequisite: BIO 205. Offered in even-numbered autumns.
BIO 392 Experiential Learning in Biodiversity & Ecology
Students in the Biodiversity & Ecology program may receive credit for working under the tutelage of a mentor in a field directly related to their area of study. This course is only eligible to students in good standing and if available positions are available. Students may not work for salary and may not work concurrently in an area directly related to their honors project.
MAT 103 Environmental Modeling
The course will teach students to apply mathematical modeling principles and techniques to problems arising in the environmental sciences. Students will gain some understanding of basic mathematical models and techniques employed in the environmental sciences, and will practice the important skill of interpreting the results obtained from these models.
PHY 335 Environmental Physics
This quantitative, calculus-based, course discusses fundamental environmental problems within a physical context. Prerequisites: PHY 207.
ESG 502 Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change
The purpose of this course is to examine the nexus of agriculture and climate change. What are the impacts that climate change is having on agriculture, and what are the impacts that agriculture is having on climate change?
ESG 525: The Anthropocene
The course material will be centered around a project the class undertakes that involves the study of human impacts in the Eastern Townships using a variety of data sources.
ESG 526 Environmental Impacts of Climate Change and Human Activities on the Oceans
The course will examine society’s relationship with the oceans, especially in coastal zones. The goal of the course is to increase students’ awareness of the major environmental issues presently affecting the oceans and the challenges facing decision makers when dealing with the impacts of climate change on the oceans (e.g., sea level rise, saltwater intrusions into aquifers, fisheries, etc.).
ESG 561 Arctic and Antarctic Environmental Change
The polar environments, especially the Arctic, are undoing change at a rate far faster than most other regions. This course will examine the development of these extreme environments and examine what can be expected for the future.
ESG 570 Special Topics in Climate and Environmental Change
A graduate-level lecture/seminar course offered by regular and visiting faculty on topics related to their research interests in climate and environmental change. Topics are determined by the instructor therefore content of the course varies year by year. The course will be offered on an occasional basis.
ESG 573 Energy and the Environment
This course introduces the concepts of energy and power and their units and reviews energy sources, fossil fuels, their environmental impacts, and resource consumption.
ESG 575 Tropical Environments and Climate Change
This course attempts to provide an overview of the tropics as a unique environment and one that poses special problems to its human occupants. The course will provide a review of tropical climatology, soils, and biomes, in addition to discussing more applied issues such as forestry and agriculture.
ESG 577 The Health Impacts of Climate Change
The course will examine the overall impact of environmental degradation, displacement and loss of livelihood on the general physical and mental health of populations.