Field: Environment and Earth Sciences

Field: Environment and Earth Sciences

Research Expertise:
farming and community, food, local adaptation for climate change, sustainable food systems

Expert: Dr. Darren Bardati
Department: Environment and Geography
Interview languages: English

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Dr. Darren Bardati

Full Professor – Department Chairperson

Dr. Bardati earned his PhD and Master’s degrees at McGill University, and a BA Honours in Geography from Bishop’s. Since 1996, he has taught resource and environmental management courses in the Department of Environment and Geography. His research interests revolve around agroecology and sustainable foods systems, adaptation to climate change, and water management. He and his family enjoy living on a small farm where they tend large gardens, save heirloom seeds, and raise a variety of animals. Dr. Bardati's websiteContact Information
Phone: 819-822-9600 ext. 2462

Dr. Bardati earned his PhD and Master’s degrees at McGill University, and a BA Honours in Geography from Bishop’s. Since 1996, he has taught resource and environmental management courses in the Department of Environment and Geography. His research interests revolve around agroecology and sustainable foods systems, adaptation to climate change, and water management. He and his family enjoy living on a small farm where they tend large gardens, save heirloom seeds, and raise a variety of animals.

Dr. Bardati’s website

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Research Expertise:
border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, game theory, international treaties on climate change, behavioural economics, risk homeostasis, human factors in avalanche terrain, decision making

Expert: Dr. Terry Eyland
Department: Economics
Interview languages: English, French

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Dr. Terry Eyland

Associate Professor – Department Chairperson

Ph.D. (HEC Montréal) Fields: Environmental Economics, Game Theory, Decision-Making, Avalanche Education Professor Eyland has been a member of the Department of Economics since 2010. His main field of research explores different parts of International Environmental Agreements concerning climate change using a game theoretical approach. His recent publications appear in Energy Economics, Energy Policy, and International Game Theory Review. He is also a reviewer for the publication Environmental and Resource Economics. Courses taught by Professor Eyland on a regular basis at Bishop's University include: Environmental Economics, Game Theory, Principles of Microeconomics, and Principles of Macroeconomics.Contact Information
Phone: 819-822-9600 ext. 2752

Ph.D. (HEC Montréal)
Fields: Environmental Economics, Game Theory, Decision-Making, Avalanche Education

Professor Eyland has been a member of the Department of Economics since 2010. His main field of research explores different parts of International Environmental Agreements concerning climate change using a game theoretical approach. His recent publications appear in Energy Economics, Energy Policy, and International Game Theory Review. He is also a reviewer for the publication Environmental and Resource Economics. Courses taught by Professor Eyland on a regular basis at Bishop’s University include: Environmental Economics, Game Theory, Principles of Microeconomics, and Principles of Macroeconomics.

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Research Expertise:
air pollution, air quality, allergies, oceans, paleoceanography, paleoclimates, pollen, ragweed

Expert: Dr. Elisabeth Levac
Department: Environment and Geography
Interview languages: English, French

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Dr. Elisabeth Levac

Full Professor

Dr. Levac has a Ph.D. in earth sciences from Dalhousie University, a B.Sc. in physical geography and a M. Sc. in earth sciences from the Université du Québec à Montréal. Before coming to Bishop’s, she was a post-doctoral fellow for the Halifax Pollen and Spores Monitoring Experiment at St. Mary’s University. Dr. Levac has been monitoring biogenic aerosols (pollen and spores) in Sherbrooke since 2006, hence she does everything in the wide field of palynology. She is now conducting research into the health impacts of these biogenic aerosols, as well as air pollution, on human health. Ongoing work examines changes in the length of the ragweed allergy season in Sherbrooke.…Contact Information
Phone: 819-822-9600 ext. 2499

Dr. Levac has a Ph.D. in earth sciences from Dalhousie University, a B.Sc. in physical geography and a M. Sc. in earth sciences from the Université du Québec à Montréal. Before coming to Bishop’s, she was a post-doctoral fellow for the Halifax Pollen and Spores Monitoring Experiment at St. Mary’s University. Dr. Levac has been monitoring biogenic aerosols (pollen and spores) in Sherbrooke since 2006, hence she does everything in the wide field of palynology. She is now conducting research into the health impacts of these biogenic aerosols, as well as air pollution, on human health. Ongoing work examines changes in the length of the ragweed allergy season in Sherbrooke.

Dr. Levac is also conducting research on climate change. For her paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic projects, she uses fossil pollen and dinoflagellate cysts to reconstruct air and sea surface temperatures. Her focus is on abrupt climate events that took place during the last deglaciation, such as the Younger Dryas and the 8.2 ka event, around the Maritimes and Newfoundland. She is adjunct professor at McGill and at the Université de Sherbrooke where she regularly supervises master students.

The public is invited to participate in the observation of development phases of trees, such as flowering and leafing out (phenology). This work will help document how the dates of different phases will change over time.

Research Links:

Website: elisabethlevac.ca

Publications

Khan, A.H., Levac, E., VanGuelphen, L., Pohle, G., Chmura, G.L., 2018. The Effect of Global Climate Change on the Future Distribution of Economically Important Macroalgae (Seaweeds) on the NW Atlantic. FACETS, vol. 3: 275-286 DOI: 10.1139/facets-2017-0091.

Levac, E., Sandercombe, S., Chmura, G.L., 2018. The Younger Dryas in palynological records from the northern Northwest Atlantic: Does the terrestrial record lag the marine and air records? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol. 490: 269-279.

Levac, E., Lewis, Stretch,V., Duchesne, K., Neulieb, T., 2015. Evidence for meltwater drainage via the St. Lawrence River Valley in marine cores from the Laurentian Channel at the time of the Younger Dryas. Global Planetary Change 130: 47-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.04.002.

Neulieb, T., Levac, E., Southon, J., Lewis, C.F.M., Chmura, G.L.., Pendea, F., 2013. Potential pitfalls of pollen dating, Radiocarbon, vol. 55, Nr 2–3, p 1142-1155. 10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16274

Khan, A.H., Levac, E., Chmura, G.L. 2013. Future sea surface temperatures in large marine ecosystems of the Northwest Atlantic. ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) Journal of Marine Science; vol. 70, no 5, p. 915-921. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst002

Levac, E. 2012 International Literature Review of Prediction Methods of Airborne Pollen Concentrations. Environment Canada Research Contract K4B20-11-0422. March 2012. 110 pages.

Lewis, C.F.M., Miller, A.A.L., Levac, E., Piper, D.J.W., Sonnichsen, G.V. 2012. Lake Agassiz outburst age and routing by Labrador Current and the 8.2 cal ka cold event. Quaternary International, vol. 260, pages 83-97. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.08.023

Levac, E., Stretch, V., Sandercombe, S., Ashley, A., 2011. A pollen calendar for the main allergenic pollen types in the borough of Lennoxville (Sherbrooke), Quebec. Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, vol. 37, pages 43-62.

Levac, E., Lewis, C.F.M., Miller, A.A.L. 2011. The Impact of the Final Lake Agassiz Flood Recorded in Northeast Newfoundland and Northern Scotian Shelves Based on Century-Scale Palynological Data. Abrupt Climate Change: Mechanisms, Patterns, and Impacts Geophysical Monograph Series 193. pages 139-159. doi:10.1029/2010GM001051.

Anderson, T.W., Levac, E., Lewis, C.F.M., 2007. Cooling in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and estuary region at 9.7 to 7.2 14C ka: palynological response to the PBO and 8.2 ka cal BP cold events, Laurentide Ice Sheet air mass circulation and enhanced freshwater runoff. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, volume 246, pages 75-100. Special issue: Late Quaternary North American meltwater and floods to the Atlantic Ocean: evidence and impacts.

Mudie, P.J., Rochon, A., Prins, M., Soenarjo, D., Troelstra, S., Levac, E., Scott, D.B., Roncaglia, L., Kuijpers, A., 2006. Late Pleistocene-Holocene marine geology of Nares Strait: palaeoceanography from foraminifer and dinoflagellate cysts, sedimentology and stable isotopes. Polarforschung, volume 74, pages 169-183.

Levac, E., 2003. Palynological records from Bay of Islands, Newfoundland: direct correlation of Holocene paleoceanographic and climatic changes. Palynology, vol. 27, 135-154.

Mudie, P.J., Rochon, A. and Levac, E. 2002. Palynological records of red tides in Canada: past trends and implications for the future. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol. 180, p. 159-186.

Levac, E., 2001. High resolution Holocene palynological records from the Scotian Shelf. Marine Micropaleontology, vol. 43, p.179-197.

Levac, E., de Vernal, A., Blake, W. Jr. 2001. Holocene palynology of cores from the North Water Polynya, Baffin Bay. Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 16, p. 353-363.

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Research Expertise:
archeology, climate change, earth sciences, human impacts on environment

Expert: Dr. Matthew Peros
Department: Environment and Geography
Interview languages: English, French

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Dr. Matthew Peros

Full Professor

Dr. Peros received his Ph.D. in geography from the University of Toronto, his M.Sc. from York University (also in geography), and his B.Sc. in archaeological sciences and geography from the University of Toronto. His graduate work focused on environmental change and prehistoric human adaptations in Cuba. Following the completion of his Ph.D., Dr. Peros moved to the Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology at the University of Ottawa, where he researched arctic climate change under the direction of Dr. Konrad Gajewski. Dr. Peros’s current research involves studying the history of hurricane impacts in the Caribbean, and prehistoric environmental-human interactions in North America.…Contact Information
Phone: 819-822-9600 ext. 2783

Dr. Peros received his Ph.D. in geography from the University of Toronto, his M.Sc. from York University (also in geography), and his B.Sc. in archaeological sciences and geography from the University of Toronto. His graduate work focused on environmental change and prehistoric human adaptations in Cuba. Following the completion of his Ph.D., Dr. Peros moved to the Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology at the University of Ottawa, where he researched arctic climate change under the direction of Dr. Konrad Gajewski. Dr. Peros’s current research involves studying the history of hurricane impacts in the Caribbean, and prehistoric environmental-human interactions in North America. He also serves as President of the Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA) and he is the Director of the graduate-level Micro-program in Climate Change at Bishop’s University.

Climate and Environmental Change Research Laboratory website.

Research

Dr. Peros is a broadly trained physical geographer working at the interface between the climatological, ecological, and archaeological sciences. His research seeks to answer fundamental questions within two broad areas: (1) what have been the driving forces behind climate and landscape change during the Late Quaternary? and (2), how has the natural environment constrained/provided opportunities for cultural and biological change? To address questions in these areas, he uses a field- and laboratory-based approach, integrating information derived from geological (e.g., sedimentological, geochemical) and paleoecological (e.g., palynological) investigations with archaeological data. At present, his regional specializations include eastern Canada, the Caribbean, and northeastern China.

Publications

Peros, M.C., Collins, S., Agosta G’Meiner, A., Reinhardt, E., and F. M. Pupo. (2017). Multistage 8.2 kyr event revealed through high-resolution XRF core scanning of Cuban sinkhole sediments. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074369

Oliva, F., Peros, M.C., and Viau, A. (2017). A review of the spatial distribution of and analytical techniques used in paleotempestological studies in the North Atlantic Basin. Progress in Physical Geography, 1:1-20.

Peros, M.C., Gregory, B.R., Matos, F., Reinhardt, E.G., and Desloges, J.P. (2015). Late Holocene record of lagoon evolution, climate change, and hurricane strikes from south-eastern Cuba. The Holocene, 25: 1483-1497.

Munoz, S., Gajewski, K., Peros, M.C. (2010). Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107: 22008-22013.

Peros, M.C., Gajewski, K. (2008). Holocene climate and vegetation change on Victoria Island, western Canadian Arctic. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27: 235-249.

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