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Dr. Bardati earned his PhD and Master’s degrees at McGill University, and a BA Honours in Geography from Bishop’s. Since 1996, he has taught resource and environmental management courses in the Department of Environment and Geography. His research interests revolve around agroecology and sustainable foods systems, adaptation to climate change, and water management. He and his family enjoy living on a small farm where they tend large gardens, save heirloom seeds, and raise a variety of animals.
Glacial Environments, Geomorphology, Global Environmental Change, Soils and Vegetation, Natural Hazards
Dr. Jones earned his Bachelor’s degree at McMaster University and his Masters degree at University of Alberta, as well as receiving his PhD from University of Waterloo. He teaches a variety of courses, including Geomorphology, Soils and Vegetation, Environmental Change, Glacial Environments, and Natural Hazards.
Dr. Jones conducts research on climate change, specifically as related to floods and flood hazards, with a primary focus on the Eastern Townships region of Quebec. His has published research papers on the relationships between climate change and hydrologic change, especially potential changes in the flood hazard as climate changes. Past research provided details of the history of flooding in the Eastern Townships. Most recently his research examined the influence of climate change on the wine industry in Quebec. He also has a research interest in glacial environments and is conducting a long-term monitoring project of a glacier in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
Jones, N.K. 2012. The Influence of Recent Climate Change on Wine Regions in Quebec, Canada, Journal of Wine Research, available online April 20.
Jones, N.K. 2008. An Overview of Recent Climate Change and Streamflow in the Massawippi River Basin. Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, 32-33, 23-38.
Jones, N.K. 2008. On the Impact of Recent Climate Change on Seasonal Floods—a case study from a river basin in southern Quebec. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 33(1), 55-72.
Jones, N.K., 2006. The flash flood at Lennoxville, October 14-17, 2005: The physical geography. Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, in press.
Jones, N.K. 2004. An Analysis of the Massawippi Floods of 1982 and 1994. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 29(1), 73-84.
Jones, N.K. 2003. A History of Flood Events in Southern Quebec, Canada. In: Palaeofloods, Historical Data and Climatic Variability: Applications in Flood Risk Assessment (V.R. Thorndycraft, G. Benito, M. Barriendos and M.C. Llasat, eds.), Proceedings of the PHEFRA Workshop, Barcelona, 16-19 October, 2002, 119-124.
Jones, N.K. 2002. Flooding in the Massawippi Basin during the 20th Century. Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, 20, 107-122.
Jones, N.K. and Rowbotham, D. 2001. Glaciological and Historical Analyses at the Boundary Glacier, Alberta. Western Geography, 10/11, 30-42.
Jones, N.K. 1998. A recent history of flooding in the Massawippi drainage basin. Journal of Eastern Townships Studies 13, 41-57.
Jones, N.K. 1996. The internal character and formation of the Battery Point drumlin, Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Geographer 40(3), 273-280.
Dr. Levac has a Ph.D. in earth sciences from Dalhousie University, a B.Sc. in physical geography and a M. Sc. in earth sciences from the Université du Québec à Montréal. Before coming to Bishop’s, she was a post-doctoral fellow for the Halifax Pollen and Spores Monitoring Experiment at St. Mary’s University. Dr. Levac has been monitoring biogenic aerosols (pollen and spores) in Sherbrooke since 2006, hence she does everything in the wide field of palynology. She is now conducting research into the health impacts of these biogenic aerosols, as well as air pollution, on human health. Ongoing work examines changes in the length of the ragweed allergy season in Sherbrooke.
Dr. Levac is also conducting research on climate change. For her paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic projects, she uses fossil pollen and dinoflagellate cysts to reconstruct air and sea surface temperatures. Her focus is on abrupt climate events that took place during the last deglaciation, such as the Younger Dryas and the 8.2 ka event, around the Maritimes and Newfoundland. She is adjunct professor at McGill and at the Université de Sherbrooke where she regularly supervises master students.
The public is invited to participate in the observation of development phases of trees, such as flowering and leafing out (phenology). This work will help document how the dates of different phases will change over time.
Khan, A.H., Levac, E., VanGuelphen, L., Pohle, G., Chmura, G.L., 2018. The Effect of Global Climate Change on the Future Distribution of Economically Important Macroalgae (Seaweeds) on the NW Atlantic. FACETS, vol. 3: 275-286 DOI: 10.1139/facets-2017-0091.
Levac, E., Sandercombe, S., Chmura, G.L., 2018. The Younger Dryas in palynological records from the northern Northwest Atlantic: Does the terrestrial record lag the marine and air records? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol. 490: 269-279.
Levac, E., Lewis, Stretch,V., Duchesne, K., Neulieb, T., 2015. Evidence for meltwater drainage via the St. Lawrence River Valley in marine cores from the Laurentian Channel at the time of the Younger Dryas. Global Planetary Change 130: 47-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.04.002.
Neulieb, T., Levac, E., Southon, J., Lewis, C.F.M., Chmura, G.L.., Pendea, F., 2013. Potential pitfalls of pollen dating, Radiocarbon, vol. 55, Nr 2–3, p 1142-1155. 10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16274
Khan, A.H., Levac, E., Chmura, G.L. 2013. Future sea surface temperatures in large marine ecosystems of the Northwest Atlantic. ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) Journal of Marine Science; vol. 70, no 5, p. 915-921. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst002
Levac, E. 2012 International Literature Review of Prediction Methods of Airborne Pollen Concentrations. Environment Canada Research Contract K4B20-11-0422. March 2012. 110 pages.
Lewis, C.F.M., Miller, A.A.L., Levac, E., Piper, D.J.W., Sonnichsen, G.V. 2012. Lake Agassiz outburst age and routing by Labrador Current and the 8.2 cal ka cold event. Quaternary International, vol. 260, pages 83-97. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.08.023
Levac, E., Stretch, V., Sandercombe, S., Ashley, A., 2011. A pollen calendar for the main allergenic pollen types in the borough of Lennoxville (Sherbrooke), Quebec. Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, vol. 37, pages 43-62.
Levac, E., Lewis, C.F.M., Miller, A.A.L. 2011. The Impact of the Final Lake Agassiz Flood Recorded in Northeast Newfoundland and Northern Scotian Shelves Based on Century-Scale Palynological Data. Abrupt Climate Change: Mechanisms, Patterns, and Impacts Geophysical Monograph Series 193. pages 139-159. doi:10.1029/2010GM001051.
Anderson, T.W., Levac, E., Lewis, C.F.M., 2007. Cooling in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and estuary region at 9.7 to 7.2 14C ka: palynological response to the PBO and 8.2 ka cal BP cold events, Laurentide Ice Sheet air mass circulation and enhanced freshwater runoff. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, volume 246, pages 75-100. Special issue: Late Quaternary North American meltwater and floods to the Atlantic Ocean: evidence and impacts.
Mudie, P.J., Rochon, A., Prins, M., Soenarjo, D., Troelstra, S., Levac, E., Scott, D.B., Roncaglia, L., Kuijpers, A., 2006. Late Pleistocene-Holocene marine geology of Nares Strait: palaeoceanography from foraminifer and dinoflagellate cysts, sedimentology and stable isotopes. Polarforschung, volume 74, pages 169-183.
Levac, E., 2003. Palynological records from Bay of Islands, Newfoundland: direct correlation of Holocene paleoceanographic and climatic changes. Palynology, vol. 27, 135-154.
Mudie, P.J., Rochon, A. and Levac, E. 2002. Palynological records of red tides in Canada: past trends and implications for the future. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol. 180, p. 159-186.
Levac, E., 2001. High resolution Holocene palynological records from the Scotian Shelf. Marine Micropaleontology, vol. 43, p.179-197.
Levac, E., de Vernal, A., Blake, W. Jr. 2001. Holocene palynology of cores from the North Water Polynya, Baffin Bay. Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 16, p. 353-363.
Dr. Morrison earned her PhD at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (BarcelonaTech) in Agroecology and her MSc at McGill University in Integrated Water Resources Management. She holds a Bachelor of Civil Engineering with an Environmental Engineering Minor, also from McGill University. She undertook a year of funded post-doctoral research at Bishop’s University (supervisor: Dr. D. Bardati), and won the prestigious NSERC and FRQNT awards, before being hired as BU’s Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems program’s Strategic Innovation Faculty member. Dr. Morrison’s research interests include: sustainable agriculture, agroecology and resilient food systems. Dr. Morrison’s current research aims to improve the sustainability of the agricultural sector by connecting with the local organic farming community in order to understand the current state of the industry, share and mobilize knowledge about best practices, highlight the greatest obstacles for farmers, and determine how farmers can be better supported.
Blaix, C., Moonen, A. C., Dostatny, D. F., Izquierdo, J., Le Corff, J., Morrison, J., Von Redwitz, C., Schumacher, M., & Westerman, P. R. (2018). Quantification of regulating ecosystem services provided by weeds in annual cropping systems using a systematic map approach. Weed Research, 58(3), 151-164. DOI:10.1111/wre.12303
Morrison, J., Izquierdo, J., Plaza, E. H., & González-Andújar, J. L. (2017). The role of field margins in supporting wild bees in Mediterranean cereal agroecosystems: Which biotic and abiotic factors are important? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 247, 216-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2017.06.047
Morrison, J., Izquierdo, J., Hernández Plaza, M. E., & González Andújar, J. L. (2017). The role of weeds in field margins in supporting wild pollinators in Mediterranean cereal agroecosystems. In M. R. Hernando & A. Z. Aznárez (Eds.), Proceedings of the XVI Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Malherbología: Pamplona-Iruña, October 25-27, 2017. Universidad Pública de Navarra/Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa, 2017. ISBN: 978-84-9769-327-1
Morrison, J., & Friedler, E. (2015). A critical review of methods used to obtain flow patterns and volumes of individual domestic water using appliances. Urban Water Journal, 12(4), 328-343. DOI: 10.1080/1573062X.2014.900090
Morrison, J., Madramootoo, C. A., & Chikhaoui, M. (2014). Modeling agricultural land drainage under spring snowmelt conditions with DRAINMOD. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 41(4), 275-284. DOI: 10.1139/cjce-2013-0416
Morrison, J., Madramootoo, C. A., & Chikhaoui, M. (2013). Modeling the influence of tile drainage flow and tile spacing on phosphorus losses from two agricultural fields in southern Québec. Water Quality Research Journal, 48(3), 279-293. DOI: 10.2166/wqrjc.2013.053
Madramootoo, C. A., & Morrison, J. (2013). Advances and challenges with micro-irrigation. Irrigation and Drainage, 62(3), 255-261. DOI: 10.1002/ird.1704
Dr. Peros received his Ph.D. in geography from the University of Toronto, his M.Sc. from York University (also in geography), and his B.Sc. in archaeological sciences and geography from the University of Toronto. His graduate work focused on environmental change and prehistoric human adaptations in Cuba. Following the completion of his Ph.D., Dr. Peros moved to the Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology at the University of Ottawa, where he researched arctic climate change under the direction of Dr. Konrad Gajewski. Dr. Peros’s current research involves studying the history of hurricane impacts in the Caribbean, and prehistoric environmental-human interactions in North America. He also serves as President of the Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA) and he is the Director of the graduate-level Micro-program in Climate Change at Bishop’s University.
Dr. Peros is a broadly trained physical geographer working at the interface between the climatological, ecological, and archaeological sciences. His research seeks to answer fundamental questions within two broad areas: (1) what have been the driving forces behind climate and landscape change during the Late Quaternary? and (2), how has the natural environment constrained/provided opportunities for cultural and biological change? To address questions in these areas, he uses a field- and laboratory-based approach, integrating information derived from geological (e.g., sedimentological, geochemical) and paleoecological (e.g., palynological) investigations with archaeological data. At present, his regional specializations include eastern Canada, the Caribbean, and northeastern China.
Peros, M.C., Collins, S., Agosta G’Meiner, A., Reinhardt, E., and F. M. Pupo. (2017). Multistage 8.2 kyr event revealed through high-resolution XRF core scanning of Cuban sinkhole sediments. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074369
Oliva, F., Peros, M.C., and Viau, A. (2017). A review of the spatial distribution of and analytical techniques used in paleotempestological studies in the North Atlantic Basin. Progress in Physical Geography, 1:1-20.
Peros, M.C., Gregory, B.R., Matos, F., Reinhardt, E.G., and Desloges, J.P. (2015). Late Holocene record of lagoon evolution, climate change, and hurricane strikes from south-eastern Cuba. The Holocene, 25: 1483-1497.
Munoz, S., Gajewski, K., Peros, M.C. (2010). Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107: 22008-22013.
Peros, M.C., Gajewski, K. (2008). Holocene climate and vegetation change on Victoria Island, western Canadian Arctic. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27: 235-249.
Sensor and sensor platform design, light scattering, data clustering, remote sensing oceanography, remote sensing of the cryosphere, limnology, invasive species monitoring.
Currently working on his PhD, M. Courtemanche earned his Bachelor’s and Masters degrees at Université de Sherbrooke. His current research focuses on underwater light scattering and microwave scattering. Co-owner and founder of RS Conception inc., M. Courtemanche is working with federal agencies, Sherbrooke University and the private sector to create the next cutting edge sensors and sensors platforms.
Prof. Downing holds a M.Ed. from Bishop’s and a Permaculture Design Certificate from the Permaculture Education Center, in Nashville, TN. She has knowledge and experience in growing food, raising animals, saving seeds, and permaculture landscape design. She has held community workshops on gardening and taught permaculture to smallholder women farmers in Malawi. She currently teaches:
Nicholas Devillers, PhD (Animal Science, Rennes) is a Research Scientist at the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre in Sherbrooke (adjacent to Bishop’s University). His specialty is human-animal relationship, sustainable animal husbandry, and animal welfare.
Leanne Idzerda holds a PhD from Stellenbosch University in South Africa, an MSc from Ottawa University, and a dual BAH degree in International Development and Psychology from Queen’s University. She also has a passion and interest in global health and development and holds a graduate certificate from the United Nations University and Tufts University in Delivery Science for International Nutrition as well as an International Diploma in Humanitarian Assistance. Her expertise are in population health and nutrition, urban agriculture, and sustainable food systems in developing countries. She is currently a postdoctoral fellow at Laval University with the School of Land Management and Regional Planning where she is working on how to integrate urban agriculture into community programming in order to promote the health and nutrition of Canadian populations.
She can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Helen Jensen holds a PhD in Biology from McGill University and an M.Sc. as well as a Bachelor’s degree in Biology from the University of Ottawa. During her doctoral research, she studied the evolution and disease resistance of barley varieties in Morocco, in collaboration with researchers and agricultural producers in the Taounate region. Helen has been with USC Canada since 2013 (now called SeedChange), contributing to the implementation of The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security. She works on participatory plant breeding and participatory variety trial networks to develop varieties adapted to the needs of organic and ecological producers.
Paul Manning, earned his PhD in Zoology from the University of Oxford and his B.Sc Agriculture (Environmental and Plant Science) from the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. He is currently a postdoctoral fellow at Dalhousie University where he researches a wide-range of ecological questions that focus on insects in agroecosystems. His core research questions ask how agricultural practices impact insect communities and how these impacts affect the health and functioning of agroecosystems. Dr. Manning also has strong interests in: citizen science (i.e. involving interested members of the public in research), science communication, and student mentorship.
Our B.Sc. Environmental Science program depends on courses and contributions from the following faculty members in the Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics:
Dr. Patrick Bergeron is an associate professor in the Department of Biological Sciences. He earned his Bachelor’s degree in Wildlife Biology at McGill and his PhD in Evolutionary Biology and Behavioural Ecology at the Université de Sherbrooke. He was also a postdoctoral fellow in population genetics at Dartmouth College (NH) and in biostatistics and epidemiology at the CRCHUS. He now collaborates with researchers in both the Département de Biologie and the Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé at the Université de Sherbrooke. His main research themes focus on life-history trade-offs in the wild and epidemiology on big human datasets.
Santostefano, F., Garant, D., Bergeron, P., Montiglio, P.O. and Réale, D. In press. Social selection on behavior and morphology in Eastern chipmunk. Evolution.
Bouffard, J., Garant, D. and Bergeron, P. In press. Dynamics of ground nest egg depredation by rodents in a mixed-wood forest. Canadian journal of zoology.
Lemieux, V., Garant, D., Réale, D. and Bergeron,P. In press. Spatio-temporal variation in oxidative stress regulation in a small mammal. PeerJ 7:e7801
Engelhardt, S.C., Bergeron, P., Dillon, L., Gagnon, A. and Pelletier, F. 2019. Grandmother effects in a pre-industrial population: assessing potential inclusive fitness improvement. Current Biology 29:651-656.
Langille, E., Lemieux, V., Garant, D. and Bergeron, P. 2018 Development of small blood volume assays for the measurement of oxidative stress markers in mammals. PLoS One 13(12): e0209802.
Pelletier, F., Pigeon, G., Bergeron, P., Mayer. F.M., Boisvert, M., Réale, D. and Milot, E. 2017. Eco-evolutionary dynamics in a contemporary human population. Nature Communication 8: 15947
Duryea, M.C., Bergeron, P., Clare-Salzler, Z. and Calsbeek, R. 2016. Field estimate of parentage reveal sexually antagonistic selection on body size in a natural population of Anolis lizards. Ecology and Evolution 6: 7024-7031.
Vanasse, A., Cohen, A.A., Courteau, J., Bergeron, P., Dault, R., Gosselin, P., Blais, C., Bélanger, D., Rochette, L. and Chebana, F. 2016. Association between floods and acute cardiovascular diseases: a population-based cohort study using a geographic information system approach. International journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13:1-12.
Li, Q., Wang, S., Milot, E., Bergeron, P., Ferruci, L., Fried., F. and Cohen, A.A. 2015. Homeostatic dysregulation proceeds in parallel in multiple physiological systems. Aging Cell 14: 11-3-1112.
Calsbeek, R.C., Duryea, M.C., Goedert, D. Bergeron, P. and Cox, R.M. 2015. Intralocus sexual conflict, adaptive sex allocation, and the heritability of fitness. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28: 1975-1985.
Vanasse, A., Courteau, J., Orzanco, M.G., Bergeron, P., Cohen, A.A. and Niyonsenga, T. 2015. Neighbourhood immigration, health care utilization and outcomes in patients with diabetes living in the Montreal metropolitan area: a population health perspective. BMC Health Services Research 15: 146.
Bergeron, P. Courteau, J. and Vanasse, A. 2015. Proximity and emergency department utilization: A multilevel analysis using administrative data from patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Canadian Family physician 61: e391-e397.
Cohen, A.A., Poirier, R., Dusseault-Bélanger, F., Leroux, M., Milot, E., Li, Q., Fülöp, T., Bergeron, P., Metter, J., Fried, L., and Ferrucci, L. 2015. Detection of a novel, integrative aging process suggests complex physiological integration. PLoS ONE 10: 1-26.
Bergeron, P., Milot, E., Mayer, F.M., Boisvert, M., Réale, D. and Pelletier, F. 2014. Solar irradiance, survival and longevity in a pre-industrial population. Human Ecology 42: 645-650.
Montiglio, P.-O., Garant, D., Bergeron, P., Dubuc-Messier, G. and Réale, D. 2014. Pulsed resources and the coupling between life-history strategies and exploration patterns in eastern chipmunks (Tamia striatus). Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 720-728.
Bergeron, P., Martin, A.M., Garant, D. and Pelletier, F. 2013. Comment on: “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection”. Science 340: 549
Bergeron, P., Montiglio, P.-O., Réale, D., Humphries, M.M., Gimenez, O. and Garant, D. 2013. Disruptive viability selection on adult exploratory behavior in eastern chipmunks. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 766-774.
Careau, V., Bergeron, P., Garant, D., Réale, D., Speakman, J.R. and Humphries, M.M. 2013. The energetic cost of growth in free-ranging chipmunks. Oecologia 171: 11-23.
Dubuc Messier, G., Bergeron, P., Garant, D. and Réale, D. 2012. Contrasted environmental conditions produce variable spatial genetic structures and dispersal patterns in a solitary rodent. Molecular Ecology 21: 5363-5373.
Bergeron, P., Montiglio, P.-O, Réale, D., Humphries M.M. and Garant D. 2012. Bateman gradients in a promiscuous mating system. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 66: 1125-1130.
Bergeron, P., Réale, D., Humphries, M.M. and Garant, D. 2011. Anticipation and tracking of pulsed resources drive population dynamics in eastern chipmunks. Ecology 92: 2027-2034.
Bergeron, P., Careau, V., Humphries, M.M., Réale, D., Speakman, J.R. and Garant, D. 2011 The energetic and oxidative costs or reproduction in a free-ranging rodent. Functional Ecology 25: 1063-1071.
Bergeron, P., Réale, D., Humphries, M.M. and Garant, D. 2011. Evidence of multiple paternity and selection for inbreeding avoidance in wild eastern chipmunks. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 1685-1694.
Bergeron, P., Baeta, R., Pelletier, F., Réale, D. and Garant, D. 2011. Individual quality: tautology or biological reality? Journal of Animal Ecology 80: 361-364.
Réale, D., Garant, D., Humphries, M.M., Bergeron, P., Careau, V. and Montiglio, P.O. 2010. Personality and the emergence of the pace-of-life syndrome concept at the population level. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 365:4051-4063.
Bergeron, P., Grignolio, S., Apollonio, M., Shipley, B. and Festa-Bianchet, M. 2010. Secondary sexual characters signal fighting ability and determine social rank in Alpine ibex (Capra ibex). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64:1299-1307.
Bonenfant C., Pelletier, F., Garel, M. and Bergeron, P. 2009. Age-dependent horn growth and survival in wild sheep. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 161-171.
Bergeron, P., Festa-Bianchet, M., von Hardenberg A. and Bassano B. 2008. Heterogeneity in male horn growth and longevity in a highly sexually dimorphic ungulate. Oikos 117: 77-82.
Bergeron, P. 2007. Parallel lasers for remote measurements of morphological traits. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 289–292.
Dr. Alexandre Drouin was born in Arthabasca, Quebec. He earned his bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in organic chemistry at the Université de Sherbrooke under the supervision of Dr. Jean Lessard and Dr. Claude Spino. His research was aimed at the development of the rearrangement of N-heterosubstituted lactams. He then moved to the Université catholique de Louvain, in Belgium, as an ARC-FNRS postdoctoral research fellow, where he worked on the total synthesis of polycavernoside A and the development of a new methodology for the hydroamination of unactivated alkenes, under the supervision of Dr. István Markó. After two years in Belgium, he came back in Sherbrooke where he joined Tranzyme Pharma as an NSERC postdoctoral scientist and worked on the development of new drugs for gastrointestinal diseases. He finally joined Bishop’s University in September 2012 as an assistant professor where he teaches all organic chemistry courses and labs.
Alexandre is also involved in research. He seeks to develop efficient and selective chemical transformations that will be applicable to the synthesis of complex natural products and motifs of pharmaceutical importance. He has a particular interest in cascades of pericyclic reactions as well as in enantioselective carbon-carbon bond formation that can be applied to the total synthesis of biologically active targets. These goals are currently split in 2 distinct research projects: 1- Combination of organocatalysis and pericyclic reactions for the synthesis of useful building blocks. 2- Development of a new catalytic method for the enantioselective alkylation of enolates.
Valerio Faraoni earned a BSc in Physics (Laurea in Fisica) at the University of Pavia, Italy, and an MSc and PhD (1991) in Astrophysics under the supervision of Prof. George F.R. Ellis at the International School for Advanced Studies in Trieste, Italy (http://www.sissa.it). He has held various research and teaching appointments at the University of Victoria, B.C., the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Pune, India, the Free University of Brussels, Belgium, and the University of Northern British Columbia. He came to Bishop’s University in 2005, where he is currently an Associate Professor in the physics department.
Theoretical cosmology studies the dynamics, origin, evolution, and fate of the universe, and the formation of structures (galaxies, galaxy clusters, and superclusters) in it. In 1998 it was discovered, by studying distant supernovae, that the expansion of the universe is accelerated. Many theoretical models have been proposed in order to explain this shocking discovery and they mostly fall into two classes: dark energy and modified gravity. Dark energy models assume that Einstein’s theory of gravity (general relativity) is valid and that a mysterious form of dark energy of unknown nature permeates the universe and makes up 70% of its energy content. This dark energy must necessarily have exotic properties, such as a negative pressure. The current observational data seem to require an even more negative pressure and more exotic energy (called phantom energy), which may cause the universe to end at a finite time in the future in a Big Rip singularity (the end of time), in which all bound objects-galaxies, planets, humans, atoms-are ripped apart by increasing gravitational forces. If phantom energy is really fuelling the cosmic acceleration, we probably have to abandon Einstein’s general relativity in favour of alternative gravity theories such as, for example, scalar-tensor gravity, a generalization of Einstein’s theory motivated by string/M-theories. The latter attempt to unify gravity with the other three fundamental forces, a goal known as “the holy grail of theoretical physics”.
The second class of models, modified gravity, does not require exotic dark energy but instead modifies Einstein’s relativity with corrections that only affect large (cosmological) scales.
Dr. Faraoni’s research explores both classes of models, trying to fully understand their dynamics, explain the cosmic acceleration, develop models that are theoretically consistent and compatible with available experiments, study their predictions (e.g., will the universe accelerate forever? Will it end in a Big Rip?) and related issues such as the production of gravitational waves, or the accretion of phantom energy onto black holes or wormholes. Long term goals include the development of the correct theory of gravity (it is possible that departures from Einstein’s gravity are unobservable at the small Solar System scales but are already observed in the cosmic acceleration), finding out if dark energy actually exists and, if so, determining precisely its strange properties, understanding the early universe and obtaining information, otherwise inaccessible on Earth, on the high energy physics that left an imprint in the cosmic microwave background and in the distribution of galaxies and galaxy clusters.
Other recent interests include the study of black holes embedded in a cosmological background and the foundations and possible violations of the Equivalence Principle (the basis of relativistic gravity) in high energy physics.
Dr. Faraoni collaborates with various researchers worldwide on the subjects above and is involved in establishing an international research network on modified gravity.
Details on his research and an up-to-date list of publications can be found at http://www.slac.stanford.edu
Dr. Michael Richardson is Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences. He teaches a variety of courses including Introductory Biology, Vertebrate Zoology, Freshwater Biology, Evolution, The Life of Fishes, Animal Behaviour, and Field Biology. (add link to Academic Calendar) He received both his undergraduate and graduate training in Wildlife Biology from the Macdonald Campus of McGill University. His Master’s and Doctoral research involved using the common goldfish (Carassius auratus) as a model for better understanding how exotic fish become established and the impacts they have on small lakes and ponds.
He has supervised a number of undergraduate honours projects involved in behavioural ecology, including studies in testicular adduction in Howler monkeys, anti-predator vigilance in Harbour seals, age related fecundity in Tree Swallows, and the factors affecting the reproductive performance of Red-breasted Mergansers.
Dr. Richardson’s main current research efforts are directed towards a joint project with the Montreal Biosphere into the health of local fish communities and a study of the ambistomid salamanders in the Johnville Bog.
The Freshwater Fish Network represents a community-based organization of over 70 partners including schools, NGOs, municipalities, and private corporations, all dedicated to preserving the ecological integrity of the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. One of the key aspects of this project is the data collected by as many as 25 schools along the St. Lawrence during supervised sampling trips organized by the Biosphere. Dr. Richardson is attempting to use this data as a means of monitoring the health of fish communities within the St. Lawrence.
The Johnville Bog, located just ten minutes from the Bishop’s campus, represents one of the best preserved examples of an acid bog habitat in Eastern Quebec. During an inventory of the amphibian species in 2001, a large number of yellow-spotted (Ambystoma maculatum) and blue-spotted salamander (A. laterale) eggs were found within the three main ponds that make up the bog. Although this species is common in the region, the finding was surprising, given that the acidity of the bogs (pH 3.4-3.8) is significantly lower than the lethal limit for the eggs and larvae of North American salamanders (pH 4.0-4.5). This raises the possibility that the bogs are acting like ecological sinks or traps, drawing in healthy adults from the surrounding “source” populations into the apparently suitable breeding habitats, only to have these young fail to successfully develop. The objective of this study is therefore to try and understand the dynamics of both the salamander species in the Johnville Bog.
Dr. Jade Savage completed her bachelor’s degree in Biology in 1998 and her PhD in Entomology in 2004 at McGill University. She joined the Department of Biological Sciences at Bishop’s University in July 2004. She has travelled extensively, throughout North America and abroad, to take part in conferences and research field expeditions in Canada, the United States, Costa Rica, Australia, and Sweden. Dr. Savage was recently awarded four grants from NSERC and FQRNT totalling $108,485 to pursue her work on the systematics and biodiversity of Diptera (true flies).
She is an adjunct professor at the University of Manitoba and an emeritus curator at the Lyman Museum of McGill University and is currently co-supervising two M.Sc. projects through these institutions. The first, by Amy Moores, investigates the impact of patch size on the Diptera fauna of peat bogs of southern Quebec and northern Vermont. The second project, by Anais Renaud, is looking at changes in the distribution and composition of the Diptera fauna of Churchill (Manitoba) over the last century.
The last few decades have seen a rapid increase of interest in conservation biology. While scientists now realize the pressing need to address the rapid loss of biological diversity, they are not always equipped with the proper tools to do so. Vascular plants and vertebrates have generally received most of the attention in terms of conservation efforts, while other species-rich taxa such as the insects have been largely ignored. The main reason for this exclusion is that insects are still lagging much behind most other groups in terms of taxonomic expertise. In an age where total species richness is often the reference measure driving conservation and management efforts, it is quite ironic that the most speciose group of animals should be excluded from a majority of biodiversity studies. In an attempt to remedy this taxonomic impediment, Dr. Savage carries out research on the systematics and biodiversity of the order Diptera.
Her research program aims at documenting the systematics and biodiversity of muscoid Diptera (house flies and relatives) in different target habitats, using a variety of analytical and conceptual approach. Field collections in south eastern Quebec and Ontario and in the arctic regions of North America and Eurasia will allow Dr. Savage to fill some gaps in the distribution record of many species, yield large numbers of species including some new to science, and document biological diversity in some of the most understudied ecosystems of the northern hemisphere. The main contribution of her research program will be to increase knowledge of muscoid Diptera systematics through phylogenetic analyses and the description of new species; produce identification keys allowing non-specialists to identify specimens; and compile data on the ecology and biodiversity of Diptera.
Chair of the Sports Studies program
Dr. Willms is not only a mathematics professor; he is also passionate about sports. Dr. Willms serve as the academic advisor for Sports Studies students.
Dr. Wood is Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemistry at Bishop’s University and Adjunct Professor at Université de Sherbrooke. He earned his Bachelor of Science and PhD in Chemistry at University of New Brunswick. His primary field of research is main-group inorganic chemistry.
Chemistry professor Dale Wood has inspired students from various disciplines to enter his lab and study the science of brewing. Over the years, his individual course offering has grown into what will become Eastern Canada’s first academic brewery, opening in Fall 2015.
Dr. Wood’s unique project has attracted a multitude of attention, but more importantly, it has sparked a unique exchange between he and his students. “We have business and marketing majors involved with the brewery; they’re working on marketing projects with a brewery in mind,” explains Dr. Wood. “Those students will bring into the lab things I don’t know, and contribute in ways that are going to allow them to apply their backgrounds to something new, something practical, something experiential.”
“We sell this idea to prospective students: you come to Bishop’s, we’re going to develop your ideas to be all they can be, but it’s not just the students who get this advantage, it’s the professors too. I don’t think I could have done this anywhere else; the interdisciplinary nature of this fits perfectly with the liberal education model here at Bishop’s.”
Dr. Wood’s sees many similarities between his role as an academic and the brewmaster. “Professors, like brewmasters, are craftspeople who gather together raw materials and create conditions that encourage transformative processes – with sometimes ineffable results…the light bulb moments in our students when they finally combine their preparation, hard work, and learning with a touch of magic and a flash of insight to make sense of the world around them in a new way,” he says.
He adds: “We encourage our students to explore and make sure their ideas are known; I think that’s the reason this kind of project can work so well. I’m not isolated in a building on campus that’s spread out across an entire city; I’m exposed to the entire community. That is liberal education; it’s as much about the profs learning as the students.
“I can’t imagine being anywhere else.”
Boyle, P. D., Cameron, T. S., Decken, A., Passmore, J, and Wood, D. J. 1997. Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon 124 & 125, 549.
Cameron, T. S., Decken, A., Fang, M., Parsons, S., Passmore, J., and Wood, D. J. 1999. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications 1801.
Berces, A., Enright, G.D., McLaurin, G.E., Morton, J.R., Preston, K.F., Passmore, J. and Wood, D. J. 1999. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry 37, 353.
Arp, H.P.H., Decken, A., Passmore, J. and Wood, D. J. 2000. Inorganic Chemistry 39 (9), 1840.