- Office: MOR 4
Associate Professor Educated at McGill University (BA Economics, BA Honours in History), and the College of William and Mary in Virginia (MA and PhD. in History), Gordon Barker began his career at Bishop’s in 2006. Specializing in African American, Revolutionary America, and Civil War Era history, he has published two major books, a book chapter in an edited volume published recently by the University Press of Florida, and several articles and reviews in leading scholarly journals. In 2010, he received the Virginia Historical Society’s prestigious William M.E. Rachal Award.In 2014, he received Honorable Mention for the Rudnick Book Prize awarded by the New England American Studies Association. He has also received numerous teaching excellence awards and the Bishop’s University Emerging Scholar Award. He teaches the American surveys and upper-level thematic courses on African Americans, the American Civil War and Reconstruction, and Women in Early America. Dr. Barker is President of the Eastern Townships Resource Institute.
My current work focuses on slavery, race relations, and black agency during the Revolutionary, Antebellum, and Civil War Eras. Building on the research that I undertook for The Imperfect Revolution and Fugitive Slaves and the Unfinished Revolution, I am working on a third book exploring the increasing militancy of black abolitionists in the North during the late antebellum period as well as a film script on Fugitive Slaves. My current book project focuses on the ideology of leading black abolitionists and how the freedom fights of female fugitive slaves and kidnapped free black women catalyzed the antislavery movement in the North.
My recent publications include the following works:
Fugitive Slaves and the Unfinished American Revolution, Eight Cases, 1848-1856 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland Publishers, 2013).
The Imperfect Revolution: Anthony Burns and the Landscape of Race in Antebellum America (Kent: Kent State University Press, 2010).
“Revisiting British Principle Talk: Antebellum Black Expectations and Racism in Early Ontario,” in Damian Alan Pargas (ed.) Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America, 1800-60 (University Press of Florida, 2018).
“Secession and Slavery as a Positive Good: The Impact of the Anthony Burns Drama in Boston on Virginia,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (2010) Volume 118, No. 2.
Jim Crow North: The Struggle for Equality in Antebellum New England by Richard Archer, Civil War Book Reviews (2018)
An Indispensable Liberty: the Fight for Freedom of Speech in Nineteenth-Century America edited by Mary M. Cronin, Journal of Southern History (2017)
“Oberlin Resolve: Dying for a Holy Cause,” Review of The “Colored Hero” of Harper’s Ferry: John Anthony Copeland and the War Against Slavery by Steven Lubet, Civil War Book Reviews (2016)
From Slavery to the Cooperative Commonwealth: Labor and Republican Liberty in the Nineteenth Century by Alex Gourevitch, Journal of Global Slavery (2016), Volume 1, No. 1.
African Canadians in Union Blue: Volunteering for the Cause in the Civil War by Richard Reid, Canadian Journal of History (2015), Volume 50, No. 3.
I Freed Myself: African American Self-Emancipation in the Civil War by David Williams, American Historical Review (2015), Volume 120, No. 2
The Road to Black Ned’s Forge: A Story of Race, Sex, and Trade on the Colonial American Frontier by Turk McCleskey, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (2014), Volume 122, No. 4.
“Race and Freedom on Pennsylvania’s Borderland, 1820 through Reconstruction,” a review of On the Edge of Freedom: The Fugitive Slave Issue in South Central Pennsylvania, 1820-1870 by David G. Smith. H-CivWar, H-Net Reviews (January) 2014.
Old World, New World: America and Europe in the Age of Jefferson edited by Leonard J. Sadosky, Peter Nicolaisen, Peter S. Onuf, and Andrew J. O’Shaughnessy, Journal of Southern History (2012) Volume 78, No. 1.
Crusade Against Slavery: Edward Coles, Pioneer of Freedom by Kurt E. Leichtle and Bruce G. Carveth, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (2011), Volume 119, No.4.
Cristian Berco (Ph.D. Arizona, 2002) joined Bishop’s in 2004. His research focuses on the social history of the body, mainly through work on sexuality, disease and ethnicity. His first book Sexual Hierarchies, Public Status (2007) examines sodomy trials in the Aragonese Inquisition, while his second one, From Body to Community, focuses on venereal disease as a lived reality. He has also published in various academic journals and edited collections on the social dimensions of the early modern syphilis epidemic. Currently, he is working on the neurophysiological processes undergirding the Spanish Inquisition. Dr. Berco teaches the history of medieval and early modern Europe, and colonial and modern Latin America.
Dr. Berco’s research program focuses on the body and society in the early modern Hispanic world. Though he has published widely on a variety of topics, including the decriminalization of sodomy in nineteenth-century Argentina and gender identity and self discipline in Baroque Spain, his main interests entail the following:
From Body to Community: Venereal Disease and Society in Baroque Spain (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2016)
Sexual Hierarchies, Public Status: Men, Sodomy, and Society in Spain’s Golden Age (University of Toronto Press, January 2007).
“Fashioning Disease: Narrative and the Sick Body in the Spanish Inquisition,” in Hilaire Kallendorf, ed., A Companion to the Spanish Renaissance (Leiden: Brill, 2019), pp. 205-232
“Determining Insanity in the Inquisition: Sensory Perception and Legal Culture in Seventeenth-Century Lima,” eHumanista: Journal of Iberian Studies 36 (2017): 42-61.
Perception and the Mulatto Body in Inquisitorial Spain: A Neurohistory,” Past & Present 231, no. 1 (2016): 33-60.
“The Great Pox, Symptoms, and Social Bodies in Early Modern Spain,” Social History of Medicine 28, no. 2 (2015): 225-244.
“Miscegenation” and “Sodomy”, in Evonne Levy and Kenneth Mills, eds., Lexikon of the Hispanic Baroque: Technologies of a Transatlantic Cultural Transfer (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2014), pp. 219-20 and 324-5 respectively.
“The Many Faces of Female Discipline: Gender Control, Subversion and the Nun-Confessor Relationship in Golden Age Barcelona,” in Manuela Scarci, ed., Creating Women: Representation, Self-Representation, and Agency in the Renaissance (Toronto, Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2013), pp. 149-65.
“Syphilis, Sex, and Marriage in Early Modern Spain,” Journal of Early Modern History 15, no. 3 (2011): 223-53.
“Crossing Borders: Identity, Difference and Community,” Journal of Eastern Township Studies 37 (Fall 2011)
“Textiles as Social Texts: Syphilis, Material Culture and Gender in Golden Age Spain,” Journal of Social History 44, no. 3 (Spring 2011): 785-810.
With Stephanie Fink De Backer, coauthor. “Queerness, Syphilis and Enlightenment in Eighteenth Century Madrid,” Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispanicos 35, no. 1 (2010): 31-48.
“Producing Patriarchy: Male Homosexuality and Gender in Early Modern Spain,” Journal of the History of Sexuality 17, no. 3 (September 2008): 351-376.
“The Masks of Normalcy: Homosexual Behaviour, Syphilis, and Decline in Juan Calvo’s Valencia,” in Kenneth Borris and G. S. Rousseau, eds., The Sciences of Homosexuality in Early Modern Europe (New York: Routledge, 2007), pp. 92-113
“Social Control and its Limits: Sodomy, Local Sexual Economies, and Inquisitors during Spain’s Golden Age,” Sixteenth Century Journal 36, no. 2 (2005): 331-358.
“Juana Pimentel, the Mendoza Family, and the Crown,” in Helen Nader, ed., Power and Gender in Renaissance Spain: The Mendoza Women (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004), pp. 27-47.
“Revealing the Other: Moriscos, Crime, and Local Politics in Toledo’s Hinterland in the Late Sixteenth Century,” Medieval Encounters 8, no. 2-3 (2002): 135-159.
“Between Piety and Sin: Zaragoza’s Confraternity of San Roque, Syphilis and Sodomy,” Confraternitas 13, no. 2 (Fall 2002): 3-16.
“Silencing the Unmentionable: Non Reproductive Sex and the Creation of a Civilized Argentina, 1860-1900,” The Americas 58, no. 3 (January 2002): 419-441.
Osire Glacier (Ph.D. McGill University, Montréal, 2010) teaches in the History Department, the Religion Department and the Department of Politics and International Studies. She teaches courses in Islam, Women in Islam and Politics and Religion in the Middle East and North Africa. Her research focuses on Moroccan women’s history, politics of gender and sexuality in postcolonial Morocco, and politics of human rights in postcolonial Morocco. She is the author of Sociopolitical Discourse of Femininity, Masculinity and Sexuality in Morocco (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), Les droits humains au Maroc : entre discours et réalité (Tarik Éditions, 2015), Universal Rights, Systemic Violations and Cultural Relativism in Morocco (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), and Political Women in Morocco: Then and Now (Africa World Press, 2013), which was published in French as Femmes politiques au Maroc: d’hier à aujourd’hui (Tarik Éditions, 2013).
Her blog, http://www.etudesmarocaines.com, aims at disseminating academic knowledge about North African issues within the general public.
Louis-Georges Harvey is a specialist in the history of Canadian and Québécois political culture and political discourse, and the author of Le Printemps de l’Amérique française, a seminal work which reconceptualised Quebec’s socio-cultural history. He also co-edited De la république en Amérique française. Anthologie pédagogique des discours républicains au Québec, 1703-1967 (with S. Kelly, M. Chevrier et S. Trudeau). Québec : éditions du Septentrion, 2013. His recent publications on the Canadian political tradition include : “The forgotten patriots: Ireland and the Irish in Lower Canadian political discourse and anglophone historical consciousness”, in Ireland and Quebec Multidisciplinary Perspectives on History, Culture and Society, Margaret Kelleher & Michael Kenneally editors, Dublin (2016), p. 49-63; “Confédération et corruption : la critique républicaine des Résolutions de Québec,” in La Conférence de Québec de 1864. Comprendre l’émergence de la fédération canadienne, E. Brouillet, A. Gagnon et G. Laforest editors, Québec (2016), p. 231-242. He has also published widely in Canada, the United States and Europe and was inducted into the Société des dix in 2011.
« Le Moment républicain du Bas-Canada », Recherches sociographiques, LVIII, 1 (2017) : 181-194.
« Confédération, capitalisme et carbone: la difficile conciliation des origines politiques avec les valeurs contemporaines », Argument, vol. 19, 2 (printemps-été 2017) : p. 6-21.
« La métropole contestée : le sort incertain de Montréal et l’intégrité du territoire québécois, 1828-1860 », Cahiers des Dix, vol. 70 (2016) : 1-42.
« The forgotten patriots: Ireland and the Irish in Lower Canadian political discourse and anglophone historical consciousness » dans Margaret Kelleher et Michael Kenneally dirs., Ireland and Quebec : Multidisciplinary Perspectives on History, Culture and Society, Dublin, Four Courts Press, 2016, p. 49-63.
« Confédération et corruption : la critique républicaine des Résolutions de Québec » dans E. Brouillet, A. Gagnon et G. Laforest dirs., La Conférence de Québec de 1864. Comprendre l’émergence de la fédération canadienne, Québec, Presses de l’Université Laval, 2016, p. 231-242.
« Banques, société et politique dans le discours politique d’Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan, 1833- 1837 », Cahiers des Dix, n° 69, 2015, p. 251-279.
« Le Parti patriote », Bulletin d’histoire politique, 23, 2 (hiver 2015): 157-164.
« Les Discours d’Étienne Parent », dans Claude Corbo dir., Monuments intellectuels de la Nouvelle-France et du Québec ancien, Montréal, Presses de l’université de Montréal, 2014, p. 193-206.
De la république en Amérique française. Anthologie pédagogique des discours républicains au Québec, 1703-1967 (avec S. Kelly, M. Chevrier et S. Trudeau). Québec, Éditions du Septentrion, 2013.
« Origines et formes diverses du ‘destin manifeste’ dans les Amériques : les Papineau et la United States Magazine and Democratic Review de Washington et New York », Cahiers des Dix, 67 (2013) : 25-73 (avec Yvan Lamonde).
« L’intégration de l’ancienne Nouvelle-France à l’Empire britannique, 1760-1774 », La Nouvelle-France en héritage, Laurent Veyssière dir. Paris: Armand Colin, 2013, p. 29-44.
« Une Constitution pour l’Empire : sur les origines de l’idée fédérale au Québec, 1765-1815 », Cahiers des Dix, 66 (2012) : 26-54.
« Rome et la République dans le discours politique à l’époque des Patriotes », dans C.-P. Courtois et Julie Guyot dirs., La culture politique des patriotes, Québec, Éditions du Septentrion, 2012, p. 141-156.
“’L’exception irlandaise’ : la représentation de l’Irlande et des Irlandais dans la presse anglophone du Bas-Canada, 1823-1836”, Cahiers des Dix, 65 (2011): 117-139.
« Louis-Joseph Papineau » dans D. Monière et R. Comeau dirs., Histoire intellectuelle de l’indépendantisme québécois, VLB, 2010, p. 40-50.
« L’Histoire politique au Québec : le régime britannique », Bulletin d’histoire politique, 18, 3 (2010) : 127-136.
« Les Patriotes, le républicanisme et la constitution québécoise », Bulletin d’histoire politique, 17, 3 (2009) : 59-78.
Jean Manore (Ph.D. Ottawa, 1995) came to Bishop’s in 2001. Her research interests focus on the historical understandings of Aboriginal and Treaty rights and the tensions between environmental advocacy and technological development. Her publications include Cross-Currents: Hydro-Electricity and the Engineering of Northern Ontario and numerous articles; she is also a co-editor of The Culture of Hunting. In addition to her academic interests, Dr. Manore has produced numerous research reports for the federal and Ontario governments. Currently, she is exploring the historical understandings of the terms of Treaty #9, signed between the federal, Ontario and First Nations of northern and northwestern Ontario, in 1905-06. Dr. Manore teaches post-Confederation Canadian and Public History.
David Webster (Ph.D. British Columbia 2005) teaches international and Asian history topics with a focus on the 20th century. He came to Bishop’s in 2012 by way of positions in Toronto, San Francisco and Regina. His book Fire and the Full Moon: Canada and Indonesia in a Decolonizing World (UBC Press, 2009) examines Canada-Indonesia relations from 1945 to 1999 at both government and civil society levels. Previously he was collection editor of East Timor” Testimony (Between the Lines, 2004). His research, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, concentrates on trans-Pacific interactions between Canada and Asia, and on the diplomacy of independence movements in Asia.
Dr. Webster’s research is focused on trans-Pacific interactions between Canada and Asia, especially in the realms of diplomacy, religion and economic development; and the transnational diplomatic identities of movements for independence around the Pacific Rim, especially in Timor-Leste (East Timor) and Indonesia. He has three major current projects:
Postwar Canadian approaches to Asia were often in the non-governmental realm, drawing on the country’s missionary heritage. While diplomats in Ottawa worked for pro-Western states in the political realm, Canadian policies on economic development also aimed at building new states in the Canadian image. Canadians in government, transnational and non-governmental positions offered their own country as a model.
The international experts called together by the UN Technical Assistance Administration were central to Canadian postwar hopes and aspirations. The Administration, headed by Canadian civil servant Hugh Keenleyside, also included staff member George Cadbury, previously director of the Saskatchewan CCF government’s Economic Planning Board. It was individual Canadian technical advisers like these who offered the hands-on advice and played the crucial role in shaping policy taken by Southeast Asian states. These “modern missionaries” imagined themselves as part of a transnational community, one in which Canada could play a leadership role by being an active member of multilateral organizations.
L’action canadienne d’après-guerre en Asie s’est souvent déroulée en marge des interventions gouvernementales, faisant appel à la charité missionnaire. Sur le plan politique, Ottawa favorisait l’ouverture des États sur l’Occident, tandis que sur le plan économique, ses politiques visaient à encourager l’avènement de nouveaux États à l’image du Canada. Les Canadiens oeuvrant dans les secteurs gouvernemental, transnational et non gouvernemental offraient alors leur propre pays en exemple.
Par leur travail, les conseillers techniques canadiens ont joué un rôle déterminant et apporté les conseils pratiques nécessaires pour orienter la destinée des États du sud-est asiatique. Ces « missionnaires modernes » se voyaient membres d’une collectivité transnationale au sein de laquelle le Canada pouvait occuper une place prééminente en s’engageant activement dans plusieurs organisations multilatérales. Aux côtés de l’ONU, le Canada mettait ses espoirs d’après-guerre dans les experts internationaux réunis par l’Administration de l’assistance technique des Nations unies, sous la houlette du fonctionnaire canadien Hugh Keenleyside et d’une équipe dont était membre George Cadbury, ancien dirigeant du Conseil de planification économique du gouvernement CCF de la Saskatchewan.
This project studies the ideas and activities independence movements in maritime Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia and Timor-Leste) and the Southwest Pacific, from the early twentieth century to the present. A series of “notion-states” emerged in each case, before the creation of a nation-state. This is a study, therefore, in the formation of national identity and in the way new nations asserted themselves internationally.
A “notion-state” is a group of people who come to consider themselves as a nation before acquiring a state, with members of the notion-state trying to win international support and recognition. That diplomatic campaign in turn affects the way the prospective nation is imagined.
To illustrate by example: the former Portuguese colony of Timor-Leste (East Timor) was invaded and occupied by the armed forces of neighbouring Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, gaining independence in 2002. During that occupation, a group of ethnically and linguistically diverse peoples came to consider themselves a single Timorese nation, in the course of shared suffering and resistance to Indonesian rule. Timorese independence campaigners first tried to copy the model of “third world” liberation movements pioneered in Africa. This combined guerrilla resistance inside the territory and a “diplomatic front” that tried to win the support of the international community and disrupt Indonesia’s own overseas diplomatic, economic and military support. The diplomatic front gained primacy with a successful effort to disrupt Indonesia’s international alliances, using the language of human rights and a global indigenous “fourth world.” This approach conferred greater ability to build transnational alliances in the “first world” of developed North America, Europe and Australia. International developments in turn played a crucial role in altering East Timorese identity. Before becoming an independent nation-state, East Timorese came to think of themselves as a notion-state, “already independent” and alive in the minds of its people, both inside the territory and in a global diaspora.
The role of religion cannot be overlooked in international affairs. From the great Christian missionary enterprise to Asia in the 19th century, in which Canadians played a major role, to the “clash of civilizations” rhetoric that informs today’s “war on terror,” relations between states and societies have been deeply informed by religious flows, currents and clashes. Scholars are paying increasing attention internationally to the role of non-state actors, including religious organizations, in historical and contemporary foreign policy. Meanwhile, Canada’s relations with Asia in the political, economic, and social fields are more and more important. This informs a growing area of study about the history of Canada-Asia interactions.
This project addresses the role of Canadian churches in shaping Canadian foreign relations, especially with Asia. Did Canadian churches have their own “Asia policy” distinct from the Canadian government? If so, how did it interact with state policy? Without seeing the place of religious organizations in Canada’s foreign relations, we cannot come to a full understanding of Canada’s place in the world. Two Canadian church coalitions illustrate these themes in Canada-Asia relations: the Canada China Programme and the Canada Asia Working Group. They were proactive, autonomous foreign policy actors occupying a space between Canadian churches, the Canadian government, and Asian partner organizations who themselves had shifting relations with their own governments. A study of these organizations contributes to our understanding of non-state influences on foreign policy and the interplay of religion and international relations history.
Fire and the Full Moon: Canada and Indonesia in a Decolonizing World (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2009).
“Development Advisors in a Time of Cold War and Decolonization: The UN Technical Assistance Administration, 1950-1959,” Journal of Global History 6 no. 2 (2011): 249-272.
“Petrolio, Imperi e Nazionalismo Economico: il Saskatchewan e l’Indonesia a confront, 1944-1963” [“Oil, empire and economic nationalism in Saskatchewan and Indonesia, 1944-63,”] 900: Per una storia del tempo presente (Italy) no. 4 (2011): 59-83.
“Canada and Bilateral Human Rights Dialogues,” Canadian Foreign Policy 16 no. 3 (2010): 43-63.
“Self-fulfilling prophecies and human rights in Canada’s foreign policy: the case of East Timor,” International Journal 65 no. 3 (2010): 739-750. Winner of Marvin Gelber award for best article in journal by a junior scholar, 2010.
“Modern Missionaries: Canadian Postwar Technical Assistance Advisors in Southeast Asia,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 20 no. 2 (2009): 86-111.
“Canadian Catholics and the East Timor Struggle, 1975-99,” Historical Studies 75 (2009): 63-82. Winner of Paul Bator award for best article in journal, 2008-09.
“Regimes in Motion: The Kennedy Administration and Indonesia’s New Frontier, 1960-1962,” Diplomatic History 33 no. 1 (January 2009): 92-123.
“History, Nation and Narrative in East Timor’s Truth Commission Report,” Pacific Affairs 80 #4 (2007): 581-91.
“From Sabang to Merauke: Nationalist Separation Movements in Indonesia,” Asia Pacific Viewpoint 48 no. 1 (April 2007): 85-93.
“Dari Sabang sampai Merauke: Gerakan Pemisahan Nasionalis di Indonesia” [“From Sabang to Merauke: Nationalist Separation Movements in Indonesia,”] in Drama Indonesia: Ketidakpastian di Tengah Globabalisasi [Indonesian Drama: Uncertainty in a Globalizing World] eds. Geoffrey Hainsworth & Bakti Setiawan (Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press, 2006).
“Islam and Cold War Modernization in the Formative Years of the McGill Institute of Islamic Studies,” International Journal of Canadian Studies 32 (2005): 15-43.